Tuesday, March 24, 2015

The Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 2 near Jacksonville Alabama Marks Stars of Perseus

The Shelton Stone Mound Complex located at ca. 33°48'57"N 85°45'38"W consists of 3 groups of mounds, walls, boulders and a boulder circle, located east of Jacksonville, Alabama.

We present here our decipherment of Group 2 as marking stars of Perseus.

As a member of ResearchGate we downloaded and examined the major applicable publication by Harry O. Holstein, Ph.D., Preliminary Investigations at the Shelton Stone Mound Complex, 1CA637, Calhoun County, Alabama, Jacksonville State University ["JSU"], Archaeological Resource Laboratory ["ARL"], Research Series No. 3, February 2007, maps by Jacob Kohute, graphic design, layout and editing by Valerie Glesner and Rebecca Turley Ridley, a publication made possible by a faculty research grant provided by Dr. Rebecca Turner, Vice President of Academic Affairs. We have no affiliation with the above-named institutions or persons.

The map, graphic design and financing deserve the mention we give to them above. In our own illustrated decipherment image below, we rely on the mound, wall and other locations on those maps in Holstein's publication.

The Shelton Stone Mound Complex, located just east of Jacksonville, Alabama, is named for A.C. Shelton, property owner of most of the site, together with adjacent USFS property. As written in the Abstract to Holstein's publication:
"In February and August of 2006, the Jacksonville State University (JSU) Archaeological Resource Laboratory (ARL) conducted field investigations at the Shelton Stone Mound Complex, 1Ca637, which straddles the eastern slope of Choccolocco Mountain overlooking Whites Gap in eastern Calhoun County, Alabama. The majority of the stone mound complex is located on the property of  A.C. Shelton, with a portion extending into adjacent USFS property. The site, at present, consists of 79 conical stone mounds, one horseshoe-shaped mound, 31 linear stone walls, a serpent-like stone wall, one “Z” –shaped stone wall with natural boulder feature, one “V”- shaped stone wall, and an oval boulder configuration. JSU-ARL researchers, based on early historical records and comparative site information, believe these stone structures were constructed during the Woodland period, 1000 BC to AD 600."
Our decipherment is found in the image below:


Star positions above are shown via the software astronomy program Starry Night Pro, to which we have added many mostly colored lines and comments.

As one can see above, the image formed by the stars selected by the ancients in Native America seems to illustrate Perseus as a figure doing "something". What could it be?

We were particularly puzzled that some stars and groups of stars were marked somewhat unusually by walls rather than stone mounds. Why that? Also the role of the two isolated boulders and the boulder circle appeared completely mysterious, that is, until we deciphered also Groups 1 and 3 of the same Shelton Stone Mound Complex, which gave us an idea about the figure and the activity represented.

The next three postings cover the following related decipherments:
  • Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 1 mounds and walls show stars upward from Perseus to stars in a constellation we today call Camelopardalis.
  • Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 3 mounds and walls show stars under Perseus toward and including Aries.
  • And then we put all three groups together, with a spectacular and also for us, totally unexpected, result.
Contrary to the present provisional mainstream dating of the Complex to the Woodland period, i.e. at the earliest 1000 B.C., we provisionally date the Shelton Complex to ca. 2500 B.C. based on our interpretation of our own decipherment of the site, which appears to show marked astronomical parameters such as celestial meridian, ecliptic meridian, celestial equator and ecliptic. The dating issue is not, however, critical for our astronomical decipherment of the stars as marking Perseus, which is absolutely clear.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 44 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

The Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 2 near Jacksonville Alabama Marks Stars of Perseus: Astronomical Celestial & Ecliptic Parameters May Date the Complex to ca. 2500 B.C.

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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