Saturday, August 22, 2015

Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile, Rock Art Deciphered as Stars Marking Crux the Southern Cross, Centaurus and Musca at Potrero El Damasco sector La Hacienda El Bosque ca. 600 A.D.

The following -- here independently drawn and interpreted --
rock art map of Potrero El Damasco,
sector La Hacienda El Bosque,
Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile,
is based on
Dominique Ballereau & Hans Niemeyer Fernández (in collaboration with Eduardo Pizarro Williams),
Los Sitios Rupestres Del Valle Del Río Hurtado Superior (Norte Chico, Chile), Chungará (Arica),
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356, vol. 31, no.2, 1999, pp. 229-292, Figura 47. Petroglifo de la estación del Potrero El Damasco, sector de La Hacienda El Bosque, http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73561999000100003 viz.
>http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-73561999000100003.

We have deciphered that rock art as astronomy and show it to be probable in the images below that this rock art marks southern stars at Crux, the Southern Cross, Centaurus and Musca. We date the rock art to ca. 600 A.D. The stars chosen for marking by the rock art astronomer are in part normally not significant, but in that era the stars chosen in fact marked well the Celestial Meridian and Ecliptic Meridian, thus fixing the general calendric date in the stars -- so our analysis. A more circumscribed date may be possible in the future, based upon a more detailed study of the map.

There are three graphic images, the first contains the decipherment, the second the corresponding stars, and the third shows both side by side. Click the image for to get a bigger picture. Then one can compare the rock art and the stars and see how the rock art clearly represents the astronomy as deciphered.

Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile, Rock Art Deciphered
Image 1 : The Decipherment of the Rock Art


Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile, Rock Art Deciphered
Image 2 : The Corresponding Stars
based on Starry Night Pro http://astronomy. starrynight.com/


Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile, Rock Art Deciphered : Image 3
The Rock Art Decipherment and the Corresponding Stars Side by Side,
based on Starry Night Pro http://astronomy. starrynight.com/


THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 130 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Rio Hurtado Valley, Norte Chico, Chile, Rock Art Deciphered as Stars Marking Crux the Southern Cross, Centaurus and Musca at Potrero El Damasco sector La Hacienda El Bosque ca. 600 A.D.

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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