Friday, September 11, 2015

Two Major Panels of the Jeffers Petroglyphs of Minnesota Are Sky Maps ca. 750 B.C. Each Representing One-Half of the Heaven of Stars at Night: Minnesota Marks the Stars of Hercules

In this posting we present our decipherments of two major panels at the Jeffers Petroglyphs in Minnesota. The petroglyphs have been redrawn relying upon Figure 2 at Mark J. Dudzik, Visions in Stone: The Rock Art of Minnesota, The Minnesota Archaeologist, 54, 1995, p. 101, Figure 1. We have divided the one Dudzik image into two separate, larger graphic images since the petroglyphs otherwise would simply be too small for practical analysis.

Panel 1 ("Station 22") Jeffers Petroglyphs as a Sky Map ca. 750 B.C. 
from Winter Solstice to Autumn Equinox to Summer Solstice
(click the graphic to obtain a larger image on your screen)


Panel 2 ("Station 21") Jeffers Petroglyphs as a Sky Map ca. 750 B.C. 
from Summer Solstice to Vernal Equinox to Winter Solstice
(click the graphic to obtain a larger image on your screen)


Rock Art sites in Minnesota are located via a map at Mark J. Dudzik, Visions in Stone: The Rock Art of Minnesota, The Minnesota Archaeologist, 54, 1995, p. 100, Figure 1. A similar map is found via An Overview of Minnesota Rock Art at http://www.osa.admin.state.mn.us/mnarch/rockart.html,  at http://www.osa.admin.state.mn.us/mnarch/rockmap.html.

The locations could be interpreted as stars of Hercules, but at the moment, this is uncertain because the maps are not detailed enough at the individual locations to identify stars with certainty.

That latter map by Matt Kauia appeared originally in the Minnesota Conservation Volunteer, March-April, 2005, a bimonthly magazine of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, using the "source maps" by Mark Dudzik, Office of the State Archaeologist. To avoid copyright issues, we have completely redrawn all the maps as one, and including the "petroforms".

Rock Art Sites of Minnesota as Marking the Stars of Hercules


The geographic shape of the State of Minnesota in the United States is nearly identical to the shape of the modern constellation Hercules, whose stars -- according to our analysis -- its petroglyphic and pictographic ancient sites represent. Already in Stars Stones and Scholars we correctly assigned nearby Thunder Bay in this region to the stars of Hercules.

However, if one examines the history of the setting of boundaries for this State, then this similarity of shapes is seen to be simply chance. The shape is guided invariably by the physical topography, with the upper right "wedge-shape" fixed by Lake Superior and the lower right "wedge-shape" fixed by the Mississippi River and tributaries.

For the full history of the Minnesota boundaries, see William E. Lass, How Minnesota got its boundaries at https://www.minnpost.com/mnopedia/2014/06/how-minnesota-got-its-boundaries and William E. Lass, Minnesota State Boundaries, Minnesota State Historical Society at http://www.mnopedia.org/thing/minnesota-state-boundaries.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 139 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Two Major Panels of the Jeffers Petroglyphs of Minnesota Are Sky Maps ca. 750 B.C. Each Representing One-Half of the Heaven of Stars at Night: Minnesota Marks the Stars of Hercules

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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