Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Sky Earth Native America 1 & 2 Edition 2 Have Been Published on Kindle eBooks via Amazon for Kindle, Android and iOS

Sky Earth Native America 1, Edition 2, by Andis Kaulins is available on Kindle eBooks via Amazon at
and has the specifications listed below. The .pdf mixed text and image files have been converted as graphic images in order to have Kindle MOBI file versions that make it possible to view these volumes with Kindle, Android and iOS.

File Size: 73096 KB
Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
Publisher: Andis Kaulins; 2 edition (September 20, 2015)
Publication Date: September 20, 2015
Sold by: Amazon Digital Services, Inc.
Language: English
ASIN: B015NNDU3M
Text-to-Speech: Enabled
X-Ray: Not Enabled
Word Wise: Not Enabled
Lending: Not Enabled
Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled

Sky Earth Native America 2, Edition 2, by Andis Kaulins is available on Kindle eBooks via Amazon at 
and has the specifications listed below. The .pdf mixed text and image files have been converted as graphic images in order to have Kindle MOBI file versions that make it possible to view these volumes with Kindle, Android and iOS.

File Size: 73875 KB
Simultaneous Device Usage: Unlimited
Publisher: Andis Kaulins; 2 edition (September 20, 2015)
Publication Date: September 20, 2015
Sold by: Amazon Digital Services, Inc.
Language: English
ASIN: B015NNWEAC
Text-to-Speech: Enabled
X-Ray: Not Enabled
Word Wise: Not Enabled
Lending: Not Enabled
Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled


Sky Earth Native America Has Now Been Published in TWO Volumes as Edition 2: Table of Contents for Volume 2

Is Mound Key, Estero Bay Aquatic Preserve, Florida an Ancient Map of North America?

Sky Earth Native America 2
: American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy, Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.  Publication Date: September 20, 2015. Language: English. List Price: $49.99. Trim Size 7" x 10" inches viz. 17.78 x 25.4 cm. Full Color on White paper. 266 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1517396831 (CreateSpace-Assigned). ISBN-10: 1517396832. BISAC: History / Americas. Create Space Title ID: 5745813. http://www.createspace.com/5745813

Table of Contents by Page and Subject for Volume 2, Edition 2
  • page 3 - Table of Contents, Volume 2
  • page 11 - Preface
  • page 13 - Book Publications by the Author on Law, Legal History, and Ancient Astronomy and Land Survey
  • page 17 - Mounds of the State of Florida Revised Map includes Mound Key as a Map of North America ca. 1150 B.C. [#61]
  • page 22 - The Ultimate Test for Art and Archaeological Aptitude - "ArtArchApt" Shows Your "ArtArchAptness" [#62]
  • page 25 - Mound Key and Other Sites in the Estero Bay Aquatic Preserve South of Fort Myers Florida as Stars of Cetus [#63]
  • page 28 - Dali and da Vinci through July 26, 2015 at "the Dali" Museum in St. Petersburg: Minds Machines & Masterpieces
  • page 28 - The Lake Jackson Mounds in the Florida Panhandle Mark a Rectangle of Stars to the Left of the Head of Cetus at the Lower Extremity of the Stars of Taurus [#64]
  • page 30 - The Grand Mounds at Little Talbot Island State Park in Northeast Florida near Jacksonville mark Ecliptic, Vernal Equinox, and Calculate Precession ca. 240 B.C. [#65]
  • page 33 - Shields & Grant Mounds at the Mill Cove Complex Jacksonville Florida Have the Shape of a Fishhook & Fishing Weight as Located at the Mouth of Pisces [#66]
  • page 37 - Alternative Browser "Pale Moon" as a Fork of Mozilla Firefox but No Australis Keeps Firefox 28 Customizability Including Tabs BELOW the Address Bar and Full Profile Migration
  • page 40 - Shell Rings Sapelo Island Darien Georgia Mark Upper Stars of Pisces as Early Snorkeler Water Serpent Whale/Manatee, Shark, Sardine, Octopus, Starfish and Tropical Fish [#67]
  • page 44 - Pinson Mounds in Tennessee -- Largest Middle Woodland Mound Complex in the USA -- Sauls Mound, Ozier Mound, Earthworks -- Mark the Stars of Cassiopeia as a Bird [#68]
  • page 48 - Terra Ceia Island and Madira Bickel Mounds Between St. Petersburg and Bradenton Florida Represent Stars in Cetus as Mortar Pestle Dough & Bakers Peel [#69]
  • page 50 - Long Key White Sand Mound Boca Ciega Bay Gulf Coast Florida St. Petersburg as Stars of Cetus and Eridanus [#70]
  • page 54 - It's Not What You Say, It's What People Hear: Sequential Presentation of Information More Important than Content
  • page 54 -Big Mound City and the Big Circle Mounds in Florida Marked Neighboring Groups of Stars in Cetus Separated by the Celestial Meridian in ca. 670 A.D. [#71]
  • page 58 - Philip Earthworks at Lake Marion, Florida show the Circle of Stars at 34 Ceti, 38 Ceti, 39 Ceti and 42 Ceti, with 34 Ceti the Star On the Edge of the Circle [#72]
  • page 60 - Fort Center Lakeport Florida Mounds Earthworks Mark Cetus Left of Stars Marked by Big Circle Mounds [#73]
  • page 62- Letchworth-Love Mounds Monticello Florida's Largest Pre-Columbian Earthworks, Mark Stars of Aries [#74]
  • page 64 - Kolomoki Mounds Blakely Largest in Georgia mark the Bright Stars of Aries at the Vernal Equinox ca. 200 BC [#75]
  • page 66 - Antiquarian Discovery Charles Dickens Pickwick Papers
  • page 68 - Tick Island DeLeon Springs Lake Woodruff Florida marks Stars at the Circlet of Pisces [#76]
  • page 72 - Rollins Shell Ring and "Ringlet" Mounds Fort George Island Cultural State Park Jacksonville Florida, SW of the Grand Mounds Little Talbot Island State Park, Mark Stars of Pisces at Alpha Piscium and Portray a Man of Native America [#77]
  • page 75 - Tomoka Mounds Middens Ormond Beach Florida Mark Primarily the Stars of the Lower Fish of Pisces as a Shark with the Head to the Left and the Body to the Right [#78]
  • page 78 - Turtle Mound Largest Shell Midden USA Near New Smyrna Beach in Florida Marks Delta Piscium and the Mount Royal Temple Mound Near Welaka Marks Xi Piscium: Map of Florida Mounds of the Lower Fish of Pisces [#79]
  • page 81 - Does Mankind Really Want Mysteries of the Past to be Solved? Facts as Unwanted Visitors in the World of Academic and Other Wishes and Emotions [#80]
  • page 85 - Native America Contributions to Modernity: Maize (Corn), the Potato, the Tomato, Tobacco, and Machu Picchu [#81]
  • page 89 - Machu Picchu Peru Marks Ophiuchus in its Architectural Design Construction as Inca Cosmological Levels[#82]
  • page 92 - Intihuatana (Inti Watana) at Machu Picchu as Solar Apex, Apex of Sun's Way on its Galactic Orbit in the Galaxy [#83]
  • page 93 - Other Stars Marked in the Environs of Machu Picchu? [#84]
  • page 94 - Cognition of Geographic Information and Human Spatial Orientation : Systems of Landmarks in Ancient Eras
  • page 95 - Population Genetics Puts Origins of Indo-European Languages in the East in the Corded Ware Kurgan Culture
  • page 103 - New Genetic Research Says Human Out of Africa Migration Was Via Egypt and Not Via Ethiopia
  • page 104 - Saksaywaman in Cuzco, Peru Represents Aquila as the Quechua ch'aska kancha "Stellar Constellation" Cha(s)kay Waman, the Falcon Constellation [#85]
  • page 112 - SaksayWaman as Star Groups of the Heavens Between Tullu Mayu and Sapphi Mayu, the Ends of the Milky Way [#86]
  • page 115 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman as Inca Astronomy - Image 1of 14 Decipherment Images taken Left to Right - Here Marking Libra, Virgo, Corvus, and the Equinox Line [#87]
  • page 117 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman as Inca Astronomy: Image 2 of 14 Marks Crater & Tail of Hydra [#88]
  • page 118 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman - Image 3 of 14 Marks Leo Cancer Hydra Canis Minor & Major and Canopus [#89]
  • page 119 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 4 of 14 Marks Orion Gemini Taurus Auriga [#90]
  • page 120 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 5 of 14 Marks Perseus Pleiades Aries Andromeda Pegasus [#91]
  • page 121 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 6 of 14 Marks Cassiopeia Equinox Cepheus [#92]
  • page 122 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 7 of 14 Marks Draco Aquila Cygnus Lyra Ophiuchus Cygnus Cepheus [#93]
  • page 123 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 8 of 14 Marks Serpens Caput Sagittarius [#94]
  • page 124 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 9 of 14 Marks Inca ATOQ the Fox, Scorpio (tail to the left) [#95]
  • page 125 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 10 of 14 Marks the Great Llama Centaurus Lupus [#96]
  • page 126 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 11 of 14 Marks Llama Cancha Yutu Tinamou [#97]
  • page 127 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 12 of 14 Marks Crux the Southern Cross [#98]
  • page 128 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 13 of 14 Marks Dark Constellations Toad Hanp'atu Serpent Mach'acuay [#99]
  • page 129 - Decipherment of SaksayWaman: Image 14 of 14 Marks the End Section of Mach'Acuay the Dark Constellation [#100]
  • page 131 - A "Readable" Full Decipherment Photo Image for SaksayWaman via a Link to the Bitmap [#101]
  • page 132 - Qurikancha Gold Altar Map Cuzco Peru Inca Inti Sun Temple as Crux Southern Cross plus Milky Way and Galactic Meridian [#102]
  • page 139 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Uses Same Astronomical System as Found at Cusco: Inscripcoes em rochedos do Brasil Figure 4 Hartt: First of a Series of Six Postings [#103]
  • page 142 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Figure 5 Hartt[#104]
  • page 143 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Figure 6 Hartt[#105]
  • page 144 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Figure 7 Hartt[#106]
  • page 145 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Figure 10 Hartt[#107]
  • page 146 - Rock Art Ererê Brazil Figure 1Hartt[#108]
  • page 147 - "Heart of the World" at La Ciudad Perdida, the Lost City of Colombia, South America, Marks the Stars of Corvus and Also Has a Southern Hemisphere Sky Map Megalith [#109]
  • page 151 - Petroglyph Boulders viz. Petroglyphic Megaliths as Former Tribal Boundaries in Native America [#110]
  • page 153 - Kokopelli as Boötes Playing Flute Extending to Ursa Major: Mortendad Cave Petroglyphs Los Alamos New Mexico USA as Marking Stars of the Heavens ca. 1750 B.C. [#111]
  • page 154 - Kokopelli as Kokopetiyot (koko-petiyot): Boötes the Herdsman with Flute or Horn[#112]
  • page 156 - Blythe Intaglios California Arizona Border as Astronomical Tribal Landmarks Involve Environmental Suits[#114]
  • page 162 - Painted Rock, La Piedra Pintada, Carisa Rock viz. Carrol Rock, Carrizo Plain, San Luis Obispo County, Largest Pictograph Site in California, Marks Stars of Virgo [#115]
  • page 166 - Keystone Petroglyphs Mendocino County, California, Mark Stars of Virgo at the Autumn Equinox ca. 500 B.C. [#116]
  • page 169 - Spyrock (Spy Rock) Petroglyphs Mendocino County California Mark Stars of the Sky ca. 3000 B.C. [#117]
  • page 171 - The Klamath River Petroglyph Boulder as Sky Map [#118]
  • page 173 - A "Virgo" Fertility Origin for the Name of Oregon? [#119]
  • page 177 - Roosevelt Washington Columbia River Rock Inscriptions at Horsethief Lake State Park are Sky Map ca. 750 B.C. in the Shape of a Dog-like Animal's Head like Machu Picchu [#120]
  • page 180 - Lost Slakaiya Rock Petroglyphs of Eel River California are a Sky Map ca. 3400 B.C. and Perhaps an Ancient Map of the Northern Pacific Northwest Including Alaska [#121]
  • page 184 - Rock Formation at Big Butte Montana Marks Boötes [#122]
  • page 188 - Pictograph Cave State Park Montana Giant Cliff Wall "Cupules" (Holes) as Stars ca. 3000 B.C. [#123]
  • page 191 - Medicine Wheel Locations in Alberta, Canada Mark Stars of Sagittarius, Corona Australis and Telescopium [#124]
  • page 192 - Distribution of Pictographic Rock Art Sites in Alaska and a Decipherment Map as Astronomy by Location [#125]
  • page 195 - Tuxedni Bay Clam Cove Alaska Carvings Rock Art SW of Anchorage: Tuxedni as Cygnus Clam Cove as Aquila [#126]
  • page 204 - Alaska Rock Art Geographic Distribution Corresponds to Traditional Tribal Territorial Divisions of Cultures [#127]
  • page 215 - Feniak Lake Alaska Noatak National Preserve 3-Sided Megalith Marks Stars & Astronomical Parameters [#128]
  • page 218 - Rumsen Rock Presidio Monterey California Near the Sloat Monument is Fertility "Virgo Megalith" [#129]
  • page 221 - Rio Hurtado Valley Norte Chico Chile Rock Art Deciphered as Crux Centaurus Musca ca. 600 A.D. [#130]
  • page 225 - Anasazi Ancestral Pueblo Rock Art St. George Ivins Utah as Sky Map from Serpens Cauda to Aquila ca. 1000 B.C. at the Emergence of the Early Basketmaker Era II [#131]
  • page 227 - Skaitok Boulder Spence's Bridge British Columbia Canada as a Sky Map of Stars Similar to Anasazi Pictographs [#132]
  • page 230 - Sambaqui - Shell Midden Mounds of Santa Catarina, Brazil, Jabuticabeira Region Mark the Turtle viz. Tortoise of Heaven as the Stars of Columba at the Bottom of the World [#133]
  • page 235 - The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge and the Seven Principles of an Eagle: The Eagle as the Messenger to the Great Spirit, the Creator [#134]
  • page 238 - A First Nations Clue to the Location of the Eagle of The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge: The Boundary Commission Trail as the Oldest Highway in the West and the Boundary Between the USA and Canada [#135]
  • page 242 - Manitoba Manitou and the Eagle [#136]
  • page 243 - A Hypothetical Ancient Land Survey Map of Native America and the Cahokia Birdman Tablet Compared [#137]
  • page 245 - Location of the Mystery Eagle at the "Old" Pilot Mound, Manitoba: Aquila in Land Survey of Native America [#138]
  • page 248 - Jeffers Petroglyphs of Minnesota as Sky Maps ca. 750 B.C. Minnesota Marks the Stars of Hercules [#139]
  • page 252 - Petroglyphs of Area of Slabs, Area das Lajes, Amazon Basin, Manaus, Brazil, as a Sky Map ca. 3000 B.C. [#140]
  • page 255 - The Equator Megalith of Brazil Highway BR-174 North of Manaus near Rorainópolis, State of Roraima, Brazil [#141]
  • page 259 - About the Author

Sky Earth Native America Has Now Been Published in TWO Volumes as Edition 2: Table of Contents for Volume 1

Sky Earth Native America 1: American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy, Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins. Publication Date: September 20, 2015. Language: English. List Price: $49.99. Trim Size 7" x 10" inches viz. 17.78 x 25.4 cm. Full Color on White paper. 266 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1517396817978-(CreateSpace-Assigned). ISBN-10: 1517396816. BISAC: History / Americas. Create Space Title ID: 5745812.
http://www.createspace.com/5745812

Table of Contents by Page and Subject for VOLUME 1, Edition 2
  • page 3 - Table of Contents: Volume 1
  • page 11 - Preface
  • page 13 - Prologue 1: The History of Civilization: Winston Churchill on the Rule of Law as a Prerequisite to Human Progress
  • page 15 - Prologue 2: Anthropomorphic Rocks Featured in America's 1st Surrealist Film, Object Lesson, already in the year 1941
  • page 22 - Prologue 3: Book Publications by the Author on Law, Legal History, and Ancient Astronomy and Land Survey
  • page 26 - The Great "Google Earth" Image Mystery
  • page 27 - The Great "Google Earth" Image Mystery: Hints to Solution
  • page 29 - Judaculla Rock Cherokee Dividings : Research Beginnings
  • page 30 - Starry Night Pro as our Astronomy Software for Research
  • page 31 - Judaculla Rock Decipherment 1
  • page 33 - Petroglyphs of North Carolina and Georgia Mark Stars
  • page 36 - Two Petroglyph Boulders of Northeast Georgia near Helen Mark Stars of Canis Major, Canis Minor, Orion & Taurus
  • page 38 - Allen Rock Petroglyphs in Habersham County, Georgia USA Mark Stars of the Heavens Principally Orion
  • page 41 - Hiawatha: Holder of the Heavens: A Solution to The Great Google Earth Image 34.890653 -83.880198 Mystery
  • page 46 - Hiawatha as Atlas and Orion, the Iroquois Aron-Hiawagon with Hiawagon = Hiawatha, the "Holder of the Heavens"
  • page 49 - Prehistoric Mankind's Primary Technologies Were Rooted in Astronomy; Economies Were Based on Land & Property
  • page 51 - The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America Begins! [Posting #1 of this Series]
  • page 52 - Grave Creek Mound Archaeological Complex Moundsville West Virginia Marks Cygnus [Posting #2 of this Series]
  • page 55 - The Center of the Mound System of Native America: Great Serpent Mound, Newark, Chillicothe [#3 of the Series]
  • page 58 - The North Ecliptic Pole and Draco as Marked by the Newark Earthworks in Ohio [#4]
  • page 61 - Draco and the Hopewell Mounds of the Mound City Necropolis in Chillicothe, Ohio [#5]
  • page 62 - Precession: North Celestial Pole and Ursa Minor as Marked by Mounds and Earthworks in Chillicothe, Ohio [#6]
  • page 68 - Criel Mound Dunbar South Charleston West Virginia Mark Stars of Cepheus and North Celestial Pole in ca. 300 BC [#7]
  • page 71 - Wolf Plains Mounds of Ohio as Southeasterly Stars of Draco Near the North Ecliptic Pole [8th]
  • page 73 - Google Earth Pro Free as of February 1, 2015
  • page 73 - The Paint Creek Valley Mounds, Seip and Baum Earthworks, and Fortified Hill in Ohio as Stars of Ursa Major near the Big Dipper and North Celestial Pole [#9]
  • page 76 -The Great Serpent Mound in Ohio Marks Stars of Draco & Mounds and Earthworks Help to Calculate Precession [#10]
  • page 83 - Effigy Mounds National Monument, Harpers Ferry, Iowa, as Stars of Libra, Boötes, Ursa Major, Perseus, Pleiades [#11]
  • page 87 - Effigy Mounds at Poverty Point, West Carrol Parish, Louisiana as Astronomy: Thunderbird of the Pleiades [#12]
  • page 90 - Poverty Point Needs Review [#13]
  • page 91 - Painting in Cave of Indian, Tamaulipas, Burgos Municipality, Mexico, Marks Taurus, Orion ca. 2300 B.C. [#14]
  • page 96 - John Bedell on Aztec Surveying & Ancient Civilizations: Land Survey and Astronomy Drove Mathematical Progress
  • page 96 - Las Labradas Petroglyphs Baja California Sur Mexico Mark Tropic of Cancer Summer Solstice Canis Major [#15]
  • page 101 - Sierra de San Francisco El Vizcaino Reserve Baja California Sur in Mexico: Rock Art as a Sky Map ca. 1000 B.C. [#16]
  • page 105 - A Baseline X,Y Axis for An Ancient Native North America Land Survey with a Portrait of an Astronomical Land Surveyor as an Ollama Game Player on Tlachtli [#17]
  • page 109 - Etowah Ocmulgee Lamar Mounds Georgia Mark Summer Solstice ca. 1200 A.D. and 1450 A.D. Respectively [#18]
  • page 112 - Great Thunderbird Challenge for World's Archaeologists, Astronomers Archaeoastronomers: 1 Petroglyph 60 Stars!
  • page 115 - The State of Modern Archaeology and Astronomy: Thundering Acclaim for the Thunderbird Challenge or Not?
  • page 123 - Y-Axis of Native North America Land Survey - Herschel, Saskatchewan Canada to Ancient Sites in Mexico [#19]
  • page 128 - The Bottom of the Y-Axis of the Ancient Native North America Land Survey by Astronomy in Mexico: Monte Alban, Santos Reyes Nopala, Mitla, Rio Copalita [#20]
  • page 132 - Rock Art Sites of Southern Saskatchewan, Canada, Mark Stars of Scorpio and Autumn Equinox ca. 3000 B.C. [#21]
  •  page 134 - Herschel Petroglyphs, Monoliths & Rocks Mark Primarily Stars of Scorpio and Autumn Equinox ca. 3000 B.C. [#22]
  • page 139 - Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #1 as Sky Map ca. 3000 B.C. and Survey Plan of Ancient Native North America [#23]
  • page 143 - Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #2 Marks Stars at Head of Scorpio Marking Autumn Equinox ca. 3000 B.C. [#24]
  • page 146 - Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #3 Marks Scorpio [#25]
  • page 148 - Thunderbird of Roche Percée Petroglyphs of Saskatchewan Canada Marks Stars Below Hydra by Canis Major[#26]
  • page 153 - Temple of Seven Dolls Dzibilchaltun Merida Marks Front Shield Stars of Orion at Celestial Equator ca. 200 B.C. [#27]
  • page 157 - Mitla in Oaxaca Mexico Marks Stars of Lepus Columba [#28]
  • page 159 - Palenque Chiapas Mexico Marks the Stars of Columba [#29]
  • page 161 - Texas Man-With-Raised-Arms Petroglyph Marks Stars of Taurus at Palo Duro Canyon (2nd largest in USA) [#30]
  • page 164 - North Dakota Mounds at Valley City State University Medicine Wheel Park Mark Stars of Serpens Caput and Ophiuchus and the Autumn Equinox in ca. 3000 B.C. [#31]
  • page 166 - The Megalith of Cañon el Porvenir Zaragoza, Coahuila, Mexico near the Twin Peaks of Los Picos de Davis and near Del Rio, Texas Marks Gemini ca. 3000 B.C. [#32]
  • page 170 - Rock Art Sites in Southwestern Arizona Mark Stars of Leo and the Summer Solstice ca. 3000 BC at Quitobaquito [#33]
  • page 173 - Toltec Mounds Arkansas Mark Stars of Auriga as a Boat, plus Milky Way, Galactic Equator & Galactic Meridian [#34]
  • page 175 - Spiro Mounds in Oklahoma Mark Stars Between Gemini Auriga and Lynx and Mark the Galactic Meridian [#35]
  • page 177 - Cahokia Mounds Platforms & Palisades Mark Stars of Ursa Major as a Bow-and-Arrow Wielding "Galactic" Hunter [#36]
  • page 181 - Cahokia Monks Mound Birdman : Mystery of Official Cahokia Logo Tablet and Monks Mound [#37]
  • page 183 - Cahokia Monks Mound : The Missing Heart[#38]
  • page 185 - Cahokia at the Heartland of Ancient Native America! [#39]
  • page 189 - Cahokia Birdman Tablet Has Sky Map Etched on the Stone Surface: The Crosshatch Back Side Diagonals Each Marked Six Degrees of the Heavens: The Birdman was Surely the "Astronomer Surveyor Priest" [#40]
  • page 195 - The Winterville Mississippi Mounds Mark Theta Aurigae at Mound A and Nearby Stars in Auriga Lower than the Upper Toltec Mounds Star Menkalinan [#41]
  • page 198 - Marksville Emerald Mound and 46 Locations in Louisiana and Mississippi Mark Stars of Auriga: The Indian Trail Natchez Trace Thus Followed Edge of the Milky Way [#42]
  • page 202 - Moundville Earth Mounds near Tuscaloosa Alabama Mark Stars of Perseus [#43]
  • page 205 - The Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 2 near Jacksonville Alabama Marks Stars of Perseus [#44]
  • page 208 - The Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 1Marks Stars of What We Today Call Camelopardalis Above Perseus [#45]
  • page 209 - Shelton Stone Mound Complex Group 3 near Jacksonville Alabama Marks the Pleiades and Stars of Aries [#46]
  • page 210 - Flinders Petrie and the Shelton Mound Wall and Boulder Complex Groups 12 3 Together as a Weaver & Vertical Warp-Weighted Backstrap-Type Loom [#47]
  • page 217 - The Bottle Creek Mounds North of Mobile Alabama Mark the Stars of the Pleiades [#48]
  • page 219 - Ancient Mounds of the Florida Peninsula Mark the Stars of Cetus -- Crystal River Mounds, Horr's Island (now the "other" Key Marco), Miami Circle and More [#49]
  • page 224 - Crystal River Mounds of the Crystal River Archaeological State Park in Florida Mark Stars at the Head of Cetus [#50]
  • page 226 - Crystal River Mounds Megalith (Stela #1) Deciphered [#51]
  • page 233 - The "Next" Great Google Earth Image Mystery [#52]
  • page 235 - Brickell Point Miami Circle Florida as a Sky Map[#53 - #57]
  • page 245 - Miami Circle, Nazca, Northern Hemisphere Sky Map, Aztec Calendar Stone, Izapa Stela 5, Google Earth Mystery [#58]
  • page 255 - Location of Next Google Earth Image Mystery Image [#59]
  • page 258 - The Fact Avoidance Syndrome in Mainstream Science
  • page 258 - Nazca (Nasca) Mystery Image as Anthropomorphic Cupule Marking of Stars of Andromeda and Pisces on Earth [#60]
  • page 264 - About the Author
The next posting has the Table of Contents for Volume 2 of Sky Earth Native America.

Sky Earth Native America Has Now Been Published in TWO Volumes as Edition 2: General Description

Sky Earth Native America has been published as a book in TWO Volumes via CreateSpace.com and can be viewed at the following two links. Both volumes are "Edition 2" since there had to be a change made from "Edition 1", which is no longer published, and that is why this posting has been amended as follows:
  1. http://www.createspace.com/5745812 Sky Earth Native America 1: American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy, Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins. Publication Date: September 20, 2015. Language: English. List Price: $49.99. Trim Size 7" x 10" inches viz. 17.78 x 25.4 cm. Full Color on White paper. 266 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1517396817978-(CreateSpace-Assigned). ISBN-10: 1517396816.
    BISAC: History / Americas. Create Space Title ID: 5745812.
  2. http://www.createspace.com/5745813 Sky Earth Native America 2: American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy, Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.  Publication Date: September 20, 2015. Language: English. List Price: $49.99. Trim Size 7" x 10" inches viz. 17.78 x 25.4 cm. Full Color on White paper. 266 pages. ISBN-13: 978-1517396831 (CreateSpace-Assigned). ISBN-10: 1517396832. BISAC: History / Americas. Create Space Title ID: 5745813.


Both volumes have the same cover except that one has "Volume 1" on the front cover and the other has "Volume 2" on the front cover. The earth image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of the Earth from NASA.

Although this publication is primarily for my own records, there may be a few persons who are interested in acquiring these two volumes. The following two postings after this one present the Table of Contents of each book volume.







Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
"Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska, geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens. See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report, American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote: "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars, drawing them according to their magnitude. The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.... They were keen observers.... The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men." See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map, American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.

In our book, we take these observations one level further and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America, together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America, whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs, cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.

These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."
Both volumes have the following "internal" cover:


I also appended the following information about myself as the author:
"Andis Kaulins is a joint EU and USA citizen, born in Germany in 1946, who received his B.A. from the University of Nebraska in 1968 in English and Political Science and his J.D. (Doctor of Jurisprudence) law degree from Stanford University Law School in 1971.

Kaulins is an alumnus associate of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, an international law firm headquartered in New York City. Kaulins is also a former FFA Law Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, University of Trier Law School, Trier, Germany, where he taught Anglo-American Law, Legal Research and Legal Writing to ca. 200 students per semester.

Kaulins is a co-author of the leading German-English English-German Dictionary of Business, Commerce and Finance, published by Langenscheidt and Routledge, now in its 4th edition in the Langenscheidt version under lead author Ludwig Merz. The other co-author is Dr. phil. Heinz Werner.

Education, Past Positions and Publications
  • - Lincoln High School, Lincoln, Nebraska
  • - B.A. University of Nebraska 
  • - J.D. Stanford University Law School 
  • - Associate: Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, an international law firm headquartered in New York City 
  • - University of Nebraska Law School -- Project on Appellate Court Delay (a National Center for State Courts project working with the Nebraska Supreme Court as a staff attorney) 
  • - Arizona State University Law School -- Project on Law Enforcement Policy and Rulemaking (writing Model Rules of Procedure for police departments of major US cities) 
  • - University of Kiel Law School, Germany -- Visiting Fellow, Institut für Ostrecht (East-West trade, Soviet Union, divided nations (Germany, Korea), Latvian Supreme Court decisions) 
  • - FFA Law Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, University of Trier Law School, Trier, Germany, teaching Law, Legal Research and Legal Writing to ca. 200 students per semester 
  • - Pharmaceutical and computer company consultant 
  • - Co-author: Langenscheidt Routledge German-English English-German Dictionary of Business, Commerce and Finance 
  • - Author: Stars Stones and Scholars 
  • - Author: Ancient Signs: The Alphabet and the Origins of Writing 
  • - Author: The Syllabic Origins of Writing and the Alphabet (Create Space print edition) (Kindle ebook edition) 
  • - Men's Golf Champion at the age of 61 at the Mosel Golf Club, Cochem, Germany"

Tuesday, September 15, 2015

eBook Conversion Tip for Authors: Kindle-Capable MOBI Files Created From Book Docs viz. PDFs Having Both Text and Images Using K2PDFOPT and CALIBRE

We make no warranty that this will work for you. Perhaps another, simpler method is available. When we first did this, none was. The procedure described below is complicated, but doable and it works for us. Here is what we do.

The objective: Creating a MOBI file usable in a Kindle publication when the book to be converted to Kindle format includes images. Normally, this can be difficult or impossible to do, since Kindle is set up mainly for text-based books. When we used the automatic CreateSpace link to convert our print book to Kindle, all we got back was impossible garble. We needed a different solution.

The method: Converting native (i.e. normal) pdf files of text and images to a pdf file consisting of each page as a singular graphic image page, i.e. including text and graphics as one image, which is then shown in that format on Kindle.

First: Create a normal "native" pdf file of your book from e.g. a .docx file which can be done in Microsoft Word (latest version) via the "Export" function under the menu item "File". This works for us in the subsequently described conversion procedure. We can not speak for pdf files created by other programs.

Second: Download and use K2pdfopt. Load that native pdf file into the file list of the program K2PDFOPT (download the version suitable for your system). K2pdfopt has dozens of commands for tweaking pdf files.

Our objective is to obtain each page of our book as a separate image for our pdf file and then automatically obtain a new pdf file of the whole book formatted in that manner.

Here is how you do it with k2pdfopt.exe.

The Command settings in k2pdfopt for conversion of pages as graphic images:

Load your normal "native" pdf file into the file list (do not click "native" ! in the lower commands or you just get a "normal" pdf file again).

Add these options from the options below that list:

Additional options:
  • enter exactly the following text with hyphens and space
    -bp -mc
Command-line version options
  • enter exactly the following text with hyphens and spaces
    -mode copy -de 1.5 -odpi 167 -h 1180 -w 800 -ws 0.2
Settings
  • Max columns: 1
  • Document Resolution Factor 1.0
  • Crop Margins (in): Left 0.00 Top 0.00 Right 0.00 Bottom 0.00
  • Pages to convert: (all)
Check (select) with the checkmark the following options:
  • Color output if your pdf has pages in color
  • Ignore small defects
  • Forget the rest unless you have special option requirements
At the right top of that same command page at k2pdfopt,
enter the following settings:
  • Device: Kindle 1-5
  • Width 800 px
  • Height 1180 px
  • DPI 167 (not sure if this is standard or determined by the pdf)
  • Conversion Mode: copy
Make sure the conversion mode is "copy". Then click "Convert All Files" and each page of your pdf will be converted to a graphic image, one by one as you can see on the screen. If not, you may have to reformat your Word file and make sure you have "page breaks" after each page or your result can lead to different pages on the screen than what you had in the original.

The resulting pdf is a pdf composed of each page of the original source converted to one graphic image (both text and graphic image parts). This, however, reduces what the reader can do with the text in Kindle but is better than any other alternative known to us. The reader can zoom any page like a graphic image for easier reading, which is not only useful for texts, but also great for graphic images. Negative is that the font and text sizes can not be changed as such per se but can only be "zoomed". But it works.

Download Calibre. That k2pdfopt pdf "image" file of a book can then be converted to the necessary Kindle "MOBI" format using the program Calibre which can be downloaded online at http://calibre-ebook.com/.

Load the resulting k2pdfopt pdf file into Calibre and select the "Convert books" option and then pick MOBI from the list of options. Calibre converts the pdf file to MOBI -- if memory serves correctly, placing it into an automatically created CalibreBooks directory in a file named after the book author. At least, that is what we use.

Download KindlePreviewer. Check now to see how the book looks with the KindlePreviewer, which allows you to see the book in all Kindle versions, also iOS. You can now upload your book to Kindle.

Caveat Emptor: Please note that we do not do any personal consultations on this matter. We are simply reporting our experience, and if it is useful to you, fine. If not, you may have to tweak your own solution. We have at least shown then how it "could" be done. Surely improvements are possible.


Friday, September 11, 2015

The Equator Megalith of Brazil Highway BR-174 North of Manaus near Rorainópolis, State of Roraima, Brazil : Is it Ancient? We Do Not Know But Suggest It Could Be, Even if its Use is Modern

Was the Earth's Equator recognized by the ancients through the Equinoxes? They might then have concluded that the Earth was a sphere. If they recognized the Equator, did they put up an ancient marker to mark its location? Well, they surely would have put up something significant if they had recognized it.

We note here for the record that when a straight line from Feniak Lake is drawn via Google Earth Pro not in sections but "ideally" from Feniak Lake in Alaska directly to Jabuticabeira in Brazil that line passes virtually through the Grave Creek Mound in Moundsville, West Virginia, sometimes claimed as the highest cone-shaped mound in the United States.

That could be pure chance, since there are always many possible locations that any line can pass through, or by, so we examined the course of that same line to see if we could find any other unusual things that might suggest that the ancients calculated such a line via the stars (as it was not directly measurable).

The distance from Feniak Lake to Jabuticabeira II is ca. 13700 km (nearly 9000 miles) and the line follows a bearing of 83.58 degrees i.e. ca. 84 degrees, so that this line deviates ca. 6 degrees from 90 degrees. That could be intended for survey purposes, as we noted for the Cahokia Birdman Tablet.

Can anything else of unusual significance be found on or near that line?

Indeed, near to that line in the Amazon Basin, there are virtually no through passages,  but there is in fact a giant megalith on the current Brazilian Highway BR-174 near Rorainópolis, State of Roraima, Brazil. Based on photos of people standing next to that standing stone (we presume it to be made of stone), that megalith must be 4 to 5 meters tall, and it modernly marks the Equator at ca. 0° 0' 0.00" N  60° 38' 58 W (plug that GPS location into Google Earth). The megalith also has a metal plank of some kind inserted as a marker.


There is only one passage road through the Amazon. As written at the Wikipedia, "BR-174 is a federal highway of Brazil. The 3,321 km (2,064 mi) road connects Cáceres to Pacaraima on the Venezuelan border. It is the only road connection of the state of Roraima with the rest of the country."

We have been unable to find any information online about the origin of the "Equator Megalith", nor even any indication of the material of which it is made. We presume it is natural stone found in the region. Striations can be seen on the sides. Traveling by Google's "Street View" on the BR-174 one sees some large megaliths and boulders along the road, one the size of a locomotive of similar color from which, indeed, the Equator Megalith could have been taken since the end of it seems to have been quarried. But when was that done? We do not know.

We are guessing that the Equator Megalith has been reappropriated for use as a modern marker of the Equator, but in ancient times could also have served to mark the Equator. The figure pair we see carved at the tip of the megalith -- this is very speculative ! since the figures are uncertain -- are similar to those at the Andromeda and Pisces Rock at Nazca (Nasca), as previously deciphered.

This megalith, in spite of a metal plank cut into it in the modern era, could be very ancient, as it appears to resemble a phallic symbol, something the ancients, based on our research, used in their megalithic exploits, e.g. the Stone of Manau at Clackmannan, Gaellic Clach Mhanain the "man's stone".

As we have previously deciphered in Stars, Stones and Scholars, the Stone of Manau marked the stars of Perseus, and the entire megalith taken as a whole here in Brazil also has the definite shape of Perseus, the stars of which marked the Vernal Equinox ca. 3000 B.C. Look at that stone carefully in the numerous online photographs and you will see it is not just a normal stone. Moderns would not have made a smooth "boulder" of that shape.

There also appear to be weathered figures carved onto the stone, and we have traced them from a clip of the Google Street View photographs as follows. As for whether this is a phallic symbol or not, we leave that for each reader to decide. Please note that this is science and not something else. Most of the photographs online of the Equator Megalith do not photograph the back, for good reason.

The Equator Megalith, Rorainopolis, Roraima, Brazil and its Figures
(Click the graphic to obtain a larger image)
 

The Equator Megalith at Linha do Equador can be seen online at:
  • Google Earth at the setting ca. 0° 0' 0.00" N  60° 38' 58 W. The longitude given at the actual megalith itself on the metal plank is divergent from the Google Earth GPS.
The Equator Megalith is located not far from from Manaus, the capital city of Amazonas, Brazil, where, by Brazilian definition, "the Solimões and Negro [the Rio Negro] rivers meet in Manaus and join to form the Amazon River".

Manaus was named Manaós before 1939, and known as "the heart of the Amazon". It is the, perhaps coincidental, namesake of the Stone of Manau in Scotland, which we identified years ago also as marking stars of Perseus.

We might note that the question arises as to how the ancients would get to this Amazon basin location. For seagoing navigators, they would have taken the Amazon River by boat to the present location of Manaus. How they then got to what is now the area of Rorainópolis is a good question. Reino in Spanish and Portuguese means "kingdom, realm" so that this was the center, i.e. "polis" of that realm, whatever it may have applied to when originated.

Near the location of the "Equator Megalith" there appear to be rock outcroppings viz. intaglios in anthropomorphic form and they could be interpreted to paint an active scene. On the other side of the road there seem to be earthworks which could also be anthropomorphically interpreted, but this is all very speculative. We have deciphered them, but, frankly, they are not the kind of thing that we can publish. After all, there are 7 billion humans on the planet now, and they all got here by known means. In 3000 B.C., the message would fit the megalith. Research this matter further there at your own risk. We have enough trouble getting people to read our megalithic materials seriously without adding controversial stuff.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 141 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

The Equator Megalith of Brazil Highway BR-174 North of Manaus near Rorainópolis, State of Roraima, Brazil : Is it Ancient? We Do Not Know But Suggest It Could Be, Even if its Use is Modern
THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 139 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America - See more at: http://lawpundit.blogspot.com/#sthash.3fYMyUu4.dpuf
The Equator Megalith of Brazilian Highway BR174 and Neighboring Rock Formations near Rorainópolis, Roraima 

Petroglyphs of The Area of Slabs, Area das Lajes, Amazon Basin, Manaus, Brazil, South America Deciphered as a Sky Map ca. 3000 B.C.

The Area das Lajes ("Area of Slabs") was discovered recently (2010) in Manaus, Brazil on the drought-lowered Rio Negro River near its junction with the Amazon River. Found were petroglyphs of anthropomorphic figures, serpents and geometric figures, but as the river rose, these were lost again to the water: Megalithic.co.uk at http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=28047.

Some photographs of the petroglyphs were, however, published, prior to resubmergence. See:
We have deciphered the photographically published petroglyphs of the Area of Slabs (Area das Lajes) as a sky map of the stars ca. 3000 B.C. The key area for initial decipherment were the cupules of Perseus and Cassiopeia on the left side of the petroglyph slab. The rest of the figures could then be identified as a general matter, though questions remain. Perseus marked the Vernal Equinox ca. 3000 B.C. so that would appear to be the approximate date of the creation of the petroglyphs. We have a further confirmation of that date in the next posting via the Equator Megalith.


The petroglyphs on the Area of Slabs present a sky whose Equinox and Solstice points in the stars correspond to a date of circa 3000 B.C. with Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Cepheus, Cassiopeia, Perseus and Taurus marked on the left, corresponding to the Vernal Equinox, and Scorpio marked on the right, corresponding to the Autumn Equinox.

Also marked are Corona Borealis, Boötes, Libra, Hercules, Draco, Andromeda, Pegasus, Pisces, Circlet of Pisces, Cetus, Cygnus, Aquila, Capricorn, and Sagittarius.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 140 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Petroglyphs of The Area of Slabs, Area das Lajes, Amazon Basin, Manaus, Brazil, South America Deciphered as a Sky Map ca. 3000 B.C.

Two Major Panels of the Jeffers Petroglyphs of Minnesota Are Sky Maps ca. 750 B.C. Each Representing One-Half of the Heaven of Stars at Night: Minnesota Marks the Stars of Hercules

In this posting we present our decipherments of two major panels at the Jeffers Petroglyphs in Minnesota. The petroglyphs have been redrawn relying upon Figure 2 at Mark J. Dudzik, Visions in Stone: The Rock Art of Minnesota, The Minnesota Archaeologist, 54, 1995, p. 101, Figure 1. We have divided the one Dudzik image into two separate, larger graphic images since the petroglyphs otherwise would simply be too small for practical analysis.

Panel 1 ("Station 22") Jeffers Petroglyphs as a Sky Map ca. 750 B.C. 
from Winter Solstice to Autumn Equinox to Summer Solstice
(click the graphic to obtain a larger image on your screen)


Panel 2 ("Station 21") Jeffers Petroglyphs as a Sky Map ca. 750 B.C. 
from Summer Solstice to Vernal Equinox to Winter Solstice
(click the graphic to obtain a larger image on your screen)


Rock Art sites in Minnesota are located via a map at Mark J. Dudzik, Visions in Stone: The Rock Art of Minnesota, The Minnesota Archaeologist, 54, 1995, p. 100, Figure 1. A similar map is found via An Overview of Minnesota Rock Art at http://www.osa.admin.state.mn.us/mnarch/rockart.html,  at http://www.osa.admin.state.mn.us/mnarch/rockmap.html.

The locations could be interpreted as stars of Hercules, but at the moment, this is uncertain because the maps are not detailed enough at the individual locations to identify stars with certainty.

That latter map by Matt Kauia appeared originally in the Minnesota Conservation Volunteer, March-April, 2005, a bimonthly magazine of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, using the "source maps" by Mark Dudzik, Office of the State Archaeologist. To avoid copyright issues, we have completely redrawn all the maps as one, and including the "petroforms".

Rock Art Sites of Minnesota as Marking the Stars of Hercules


The geographic shape of the State of Minnesota in the United States is nearly identical to the shape of the modern constellation Hercules, whose stars -- according to our analysis -- its petroglyphic and pictographic ancient sites represent. Already in Stars Stones and Scholars we correctly assigned nearby Thunder Bay in this region to the stars of Hercules.

However, if one examines the history of the setting of boundaries for this State, then this similarity of shapes is seen to be simply chance. The shape is guided invariably by the physical topography, with the upper right "wedge-shape" fixed by Lake Superior and the lower right "wedge-shape" fixed by the Mississippi River and tributaries.

For the full history of the Minnesota boundaries, see William E. Lass, How Minnesota got its boundaries at https://www.minnpost.com/mnopedia/2014/06/how-minnesota-got-its-boundaries and William E. Lass, Minnesota State Boundaries, Minnesota State Historical Society at http://www.mnopedia.org/thing/minnesota-state-boundaries.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 139 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Two Major Panels of the Jeffers Petroglyphs of Minnesota Are Sky Maps ca. 750 B.C. Each Representing One-Half of the Heaven of Stars at Night: Minnesota Marks the Stars of Hercules

Saturday, September 05, 2015

Location of the Mystery Eagle at the "Old" Pilot Mound, Manitoba: Aquila in the Ancient Land Survey of Native America by Astronomy

The hypothetical ancient Native America land survey map that we published in the previous posting had several crossing points for which we had no corresponding ancient rock art, megalithic, petroglyphic or other landmark site.

One of those mystery points was a major potential land survey and multiple Native American Indian trail crossroad -- in southern Manitoba, Canada, as already discussed for the La Reviere location as meeting place of many ancient Indian trails.

That crossing point is shown in the image below by the large yellow circle on an underlying Google Earth Pro map (copyright Google, presented here as fair use -- the text additions and interpretations are of course independently ours, as we not affiliated with Google). If this memory-intensive image does not resolve here see https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-FD_9HBLawVo/Ver647EgmbI/AAAAAAAAD1g/cC2aMutkUDY/s320/Native%2BAmerica%2BLand%2BSurvey%2BManitoba%2BEagle.png" style="" border="0" height="320" width="286"

The Mystery Crossroads - Looking for the Eagle
Click the graphic for a larger image on your screen.



Given that

-- all of our other very general and geographically loose (i.e. may not correspond to modern divisions) previous identifications inter alia of Alberta as Sagittarius, Saskatchewan as Scorpio, Montana as Boötes, California and Oregon as Virgo, the Southwest as Leo, Texas as Gemini, Mexico as Orion and Taurus, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama as Auriga, Perseus and Pleiades, Florida as Cetus, Georgia as Aries and Pisces, Tennessee as Cassiopeia, Ohio as the Center of Heaven, the Peterborough Glyphs and vast surroundings as Cygnus (a change from Stars Stones and Scholars), Thunder Bay and surroundings, probably including Minnesota, as Hercules, and Cahokia as Ursa Major --

it could only be that
Manitoba by a process of exclusion had to be Aquila, the Eagle.

We thus said to ourselves, that there must be some marker there near that hypothetical land survey point, And so we combed the area via Google Earth Pro -- and, indeed, the missing, splendid EAGLE is exactly what we have found, unexpectedly as it were in the form we found it, as a relief somehow etched into the ground and still reflected by the topography of modern farming, a discovery which led us to issue the Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge.

The Mystery Eagle of Pilot Mound, Manitoba, Canada
 Click the graphic for a larger image on your screen.

As one can read in the right corner,
the underlying image is copyright Digital Globe and Google,
and we use it here as fair use.

The Mystery Eagle is found just North of Pilot Mound, Manitoba, Canada, a town which was relocated from the "Old Mound" found at GPS N49.22472, W98.91239 i.e. 49.224720° (North) and -98.912390° (West). The head of the eagle is located just to the right of the Pilot Mound "old mound" (there is also a second potential head of a bird to its right).

The tailfeathers and talons of the Eagle are virtually right on the Manitoba Highway 3, the Boundary Commission Trail referred to in our previous posting on A First Nations Clue to the Location of the Eagle of The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge: The Boundary Commission Trail as the Oldest Highway in the West and the Boundary Between the USA and Canada.

We have our EAGLE.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 138 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Location of the Mystery Eagle at the "Old" Pilot Mound, Manitoba: Aquila in the Ancient Land Survey of Native America by Astronomy

A Hypothetical Ancient Land Survey Map of Native America and the Cahokia Birdman Tablet Compared: A Provisionally Proposed Solution

Our proposed and "provisional" (while not yet finalized) Ancient Land Survey Map of Native America is compared in this posting to the Cahokia Birdman Tablet. Our intent is here not to allege categorically that this is so -- but rather to make sure that this possibility enters the discussion. It could be, or not.

We suggest by comparison of images that the Cahokia Birdman Tablet -- the official logo of the Cahokia Mounds site -- might record that ancient land survey by showing the horizontal lines of land survey for North America (as calculated by the stars) and the vertical lines of land survey for Central America and South America, corresponding to the red lines shown here on the Google Earth Map (and of course, the underlying map is copyright of Google, which we use here as "fair use" under the copyright laws).

Click the graphic to obtain a larger image on your screen. We have left the heart out of the Cahokia Birdman and will add it to the image when our land survey map is finalized.

Ancient Land Survey Map of Native America
and the Cahokia Birdman Tablet Compared
A Provisionally Proposed Solution


Remember that there is cross-hatching on the back of the Cahokia Birdman Tablet which would explain the use of the diagonal lines for land survey. That possible use does not exclude the tablet decipherment we presented previously. Both are possible at once.

The above proposed ancient land survey utilizes a Google Earth Pro map clip as the underlying map of North, Meso- and South America. The red lines have been added by Andis Kaulins using the Google Earth "ruler" menu "line" option, connecting various megalithic, rock art, petroglyphic, etc. sites.

Those lines are not perfectly straight nor did we expect them to be. They are approximations for a land survey surely carried out by astronomical measurement and not by straight line measurement. Note that we have retained the X-Axis and the Y-Axis identified earlier in this series of postings.

Perhaps straight lines were ultimately used for calculation.

Note how one can draw a relatively straight line from the Feniak Lake megaliths to Cahokia (Monks Mound), from Cahokia to Mound Key in Florida, from Mound Key to the lost city of Ciudad Perdida, and from Ciudad Perdida to Jabuticabeira II and the sambaqui of that region. Note that the Feniak Lake megaliths and the Ciudad Perdida megalith both use the same "incision" type of boulder marking.

If we do a straight line directly from Feniak Lake to Jabuticabeira -- without cutting the 14000 kilometers (ca. 9000 miles) into sections, that line on Google Earth passes directly through the Grave Creek Mound of Moundsville, West Virginia, the highest conical mound in the United States.

Is that chance? We do not know, yet.

Was a survey of this kind actually carried out in ancient days?

We at least raise that possibility, but much more work still needs to be done before any really certain conclusions can be drawn. This a work in progress.

Now let us go to the next posting and reveal the location of the Mystery Eagle of the Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 137 of The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

A Hypothetical Ancient Land Survey Map of Native America and the Cahokia Birdman Tablet Compared: A Provisionally Proposed Solution

Manitoba Manitou and the Eagle

In Native American Indian languages, Manitou means "the habitation of the Great Spirit".

The sacred bald eagle or golden eagle was seen as the messenger to the Creator, because it flew higher than all other living things.

Manitoba, Canada takes its name from Lake Manitoba and Manitou and even has a town named Manitou.

Lake Manitoba is marked by Manitou Island, home to the golden eagle.
See the Narrows West Blog.

There are also Bald Eagles in Manitoba

The Wikipedia entry to Manitoba, Canada, writes:
"The name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. The name derives from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit", a place referring to what are now called The Narrows in the centre of Lake Manitoba....
Manitoba would be a likely astronomical land survey location for the messenger of the Great Spirit, the Eagle.

The town of Manitou (Wikipedia) is a "community ... shaped like a right-angle triangle ...." It is this "wedge" form that is often used by the ancients to mark the stars of Aquila, the Eagle.

That Manitoba marked Aquila, the Eagle, would be logical for the most ancient survey of Native America, given our previous identification of the Native North America Mounds of Valley City State University in directly neighboring North Dakot, USA, as marking the stars of Ophiuchus, the neighboring large constellation to Aquila.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 136 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Manitoba Manitou and the Eagle

A First Nations Clue to the Location of the Eagle of The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge: The Boundary Commission Trail as the Oldest Highway in the West and the Boundary Between the USA and Canada

Dare we mention as a Canadian prelude to this posting: Rose-Marie and Indian Love Call (listen here to Jeanette MacDonald & Nelson Eddy). It was my father's favorite musical, and his favorite song "Rose Marie" (Nelson Eddy) also in the Mario Lanza versionWe have opera singers in the near family.

In this posting we provide a "First Nations" clue in Canada to the location of the Mystery Eagle sought in the Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge in the previous posting.

With the aid of the following clue, a serious researcher should be able to find the "Mystery Eagle" via Google Earth.

Here is the clue, which touches upon the fixing of our modern-day land survey boundary between the United States and Canada. That boundary in part used ancient Native American Indian trails, one known initially in boundary-setting days as "the Boundary Commission Trail", "the oldest highway in the West", that ultimately stretched to the Pacific Ocean on the heels of ancient paths.

At vantagepoints.ca online, Teyana Neufeld wrote in 2009 about The Boundary Commission Trail, citing to
  • Duncan, Hal G. The South-West Corner. Altona: Friesen Printers, 1984, and to
  • Turner, Peter. “The Historic Forty-Ninth.” Historic Resources Branch Manitoba Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport. Misc. Materials Relating to Heritage Resources of the Turtle Mountain/Souris Plains Region of Manitoba. CD-ROM. Winnipeg: 2008.
"Though there is one period of its life that gives the Boundary Commission Trail its name, the history of the trail itself spans centuries, crosses cultural lines and involves a multitude of goals and purposes. Parts of it began as a First Nations travel and trading route, which the fur traders of the 18th Century took advantage of when they began penetrating the interior of the then-called Rupert's Land ...."
Go to that online resource at http://vantagepoints.ca/stories/boundary-commission-trail/ and read the relatively short story there about The Boundary Commission Trail, an ancient trail viz. trails that served as the basis for fixing (and land-surveying) the boundary between the United States and Canada.

The Mystery Eagle virtually has its tailfeathers and talons on that trail.

As written at the Boundary Trail Heritage Region website:
"The glorious history of this region stretches back to the prehistoric ocean of the Cretaceous era to the Mound Builders who came following the retreat of the glaciers of the last Ice Age and left their burial and ceremonial mounds throughout the area to mark their passage. Other aboriginal tribes who for untold generations successfully used buffalo jumps to turn herds of bison into food, clothing and shelter followed them." [emphasis added]
And since we do not want to make this too difficult and want you the reader to also experience the thrill of discovery, we add a final, additional clue from Graham MacDonald's, The Boundary Commission Trail and the North West Mounted Police: A Review of Site Development Progress, Manitoba History, Number 19, Spring 1990, Manitoba Historical Society at http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/mb_history/19/boundarycommissiontrail.shtml:
"Working from the survey maps, it quickly develops that one of the most intriguing spots along the old Boundary Commission Trail is that around present day La Riviere, east of Turtle Mountain. Here the maps show a great criss-crossing of trails moving east and west, north and south." [emphasis added]
La Rivière (Indian Name Wakopa), Turtle Mountain Municipality, Manitoba, Canada (named afer its founder, pioneer settler Bernard B. La Riviere), is located between Pilot Mound (see http://www.pilotmound.com/history.shtml) to the west (about 18 km viz. 11 miles distant) and Manitou to the east (about 11.5 km viz. 7 miles).

The Canadian Encyclopedia writes about Turtle Mountain Provincial Park that it was named after the Western Painted Turtle found in the park and that this region is very important (pre)historically because:
"This region is the oldest inhabited part of the province, since it was the first dry land after the last Ice Age."
The under-shell or plastron of the Western Painted Turtle has essentially the same shape as a Pawnee Star Map and even the represented colors correspond somewhat.  See generally Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map, American Anthropologist, Volume 29, Issue 2, April-June 1927, Pages 279–285, Abstract at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1927.29.2.02a00110/abstract, full article at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1927.29.2.02a00110/pdf, 28 October 2009.

Buckstaff writes in the above article:
"The “Eagle” is to the south of Lyra as pictured by the Indians.
...
These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also, the important stars, drawing them according to their magnitude.
The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study. They were drawn on the map first, and the stars in the background were put in later as the smaller ones do not show any interference with the constellations. The large groups were foremost in their minds, their relative positions one to the other being quite accurate. The fainter points of light were put in merely to fill the vacant spaces and represent suns of the lesser magnitude. 
They recognized the seasonal shift of the stars. This is portrayed by the division of the map. 
That they were keen observers, is also shown by the fact that they recorded some double stars. The map being three hundred years old would bar any white influence.
From the facts as we see them regarding the chart, the Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
The pilotmound.com history page writes inter alia about the "Old Mound" of Pilot Mound:
"The mysteries of the Old Mound continue to fascinate and unfold.

A recent book [cited book not found] suggests that the mounds on top of the Old Mound were not burial mounds but remains of astrological observation cones built of sod. These allowed the [makers] to accurately navigate the globe ... using archeological astronomy, [through which they] possessed the navigational knowledge necessary for global navigation....

With the town almost in its shadow, the Old Mound remains shrouded in mystery - an important part of our heritage."
To add to this posting both a romantic as well as land survey touch, we read about La Rivière, Manitoba as follows in Turning Leaves, A History of La Riviere and District, Foreword by Lois Creith, Convenor, La Riviere Historical Book Society, 1979, Printed by Friesen Printers, Altona, Manitoba, scanned online at manitobia.ca/resources/books/local_histories/154.pdf and available in book form at http://www.abebooks.com/9780889250628/Turning-Leaves-History-Riviere-District-0889250626/plp, ISBN No. 0-88925-062-6, Copyright 1979. The book begins with a poem well worth reading, of which we reproduce only the first lines here to avoid copyright issues (go to the original!):
"The La Riviere Hills
by Mrs. Mary Burnett (Plomp)

...
Tonight I am a monarch of all I survey...."
and that poem is followed by another, which we excerpt as follows

"The Old Home Town
 ...
Now myriad lights in the village gleam,
And talk with the twinkling stars above,
And stories are told of the days that were....
-   Walpole Murdoch"
But the Mystery Eagle is not at La Rivière.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 135 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

A First Nations Clue to the Location of the Eagle of The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge: The Boundary Commission Trail as the Oldest Highway in the West and the Boundary Between the USA and Canada

Friday, September 04, 2015

The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge and the Seven Principles of an Eagle: The Eagle as the Messenger to the Great Spirit, the Creator

No bird flies higher than the eagle.

The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge and the Seven Principles of an Eagle lead into our coming postings -- including our provisional draft map of the ancient land survey of Native America - a map which we shall compare to the lines on the Cahokia Birdman Tablet, which may record that survey. Get ready.

The eagle was a supremely important bird to Native American Indians and we recommend highly the reading of "The Meaning of the Eagle Symbol" at WarPaths2PeacePipes.com, where it is written inter alia:
"The Native Americans consider the bald eagle and the golden eagle to be sacred. As eagles are the highest flying birds they were seen to be nearer to the Creator.... The meaning of the Eagle symbol was to signify courage, wisdom and strength and its purpose was as the messenger to the [Great Spirit]."
Even if one does not take up our Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge or even if one is not interested in ancient Native American peoples and customs, one should nevertheless do oneself a favor and read the fabulous online posting about the Seven Principles of an Eagle from Berean Publishers.

There could be something valuable there for everyone. Take a look.

Below now is the image for our Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge which we have clipped from Google Earth via Google Earth Pro and which of course is a photographic image in the copyright of Google and its affiliates.

Where is the site of that image located?

It is easier to find that Eagle in Google Earth using our provisional draft map of the ancient land survey of Native America -- indeed, that is how we found it.

It is very difficult to find that eagle otherwise.
We can already tell you that Google Image Search will not find it.
It is, as far as we can tell, fully unknown.

Please note, by the way, that we are not affiliated with Google in any way, who have nothing to do with this search or with this mystery, but it can be found via Google Earth viz. Google Earth Pro, and we will reveal its GPS location shortly.

Here is the image for the Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge:



Where is its location on Google Earth?
and,
should you be lucky enough to find it,
what is its significance, viz. why is the Eagle there? 

Consider this....

WarPaths2PeacePipes.com writes inter alia:
"Native American Indians were a deeply spiritual people and they communicated their history, thoughts, ideas and dreams from generation to generation through Symbols and Signs such as the Eagle symbol. Native American symbols are geometric portrayals of celestial bodies....

The eagle had the ability to live in the realm of spirit, and yet remain connected and balanced within the realm of Earth. The eagle is therefore often connected with balance.... The Abenaki solar deity 'Kisosen' meaning "Sun-Bringer" was symbolised as an eagle whose wings opened to create the day and whose wings closed to create the night."
The realms of the Eagle -- both "sky" and "Earth" -- constitute the whole idea of the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy, which was fully in concordance with the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".

Hermeticism taught that there is only ONE theology of God for all men, given to mankind in antiquity, and that this theology is found in ALL religions:
"The tradition claims descent from a prisca theologia, a doctrine that affirms the existence of a single, true theology that is present in all religions and that was given by God to man in antiquity."
[emphasis added]
The fixed heaven of stars above was used by the ancients as a ready map, designed by the Great Spirit, the Creator, for mapping the Earth below.

And the Eagle, of course, was there.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 134 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

The Great Google Earth Eagle Mystery Challenge and the Seven Principles of an Eagle: The Eagle as the Messenger to the Great Spirit, the Creator


Thursday, September 03, 2015

Sambaqui viz. Sambaquis - The Shell Midden Mounds of Santa Catarina, Brazil in the Jabuticabeira Region Mark the Turtle viz. Tortoise of Heaven as the Stars of Columba at the Bottom of the World

This is a very significant posting for our work on the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy, a project which is reaching a climax soon. The archaeological site of Jabuticabeira II in Brazil is the main most southerly significant "mound" site known in South America. As such, it will be involved in some astonishingly fantastic original findings in the next few postings.

The name Jabuticabeira is both the name of a tree that bears the fruit Jabuticaba as well as the name of an archaeological location in the Santa Catarina region of southern Brazil, an area which is marked by a number of sambaqui viz. sambaquis (it is unclear to us which form is the correct plural in English) ancient mounds formed by prehistoric peoples using shell middens.

The name Jabuticabeira derives from the Portuguese word "Jabuti" meaning "turtle" or "tortoise". Jabuticaba means "place of the turtle(s)". That name origin will prove to be important.

Jabuticabeira is described as follows by A.C. Colonese, Matthew James Collins, Alexandre Lucquin, Michael Eustace, Y. Hancock, Raquel de Almeida Rocha Ponzoni, Long-Term Resilience of Late Holocene Coastal Subsistence System in Southeastern South America, PLOS ONE, www.plosone.org, 13 April 2014, Volume 9, Issue 4, e93854, accessed at Research Gate:
"Jabuticabeira II (Jab-II), at ~7 km from the present day shoreline at Santa Catarina, is one of the best-studied sambaqui sites of Brazil.... The stratigraphic sequence is composed of alternating layers of marine shells and fish bones.... Numerous human burials and the absence of compelling domestic activities point to a ceremonial function of the site from 3,137–2,794 to 1,860–1,524 cal BP."
Pedro Ignacio Schmitz in Prehistoric Hunters and Gatherers of Brazil at the Journal of World Prehistory, Vol. 1, No. 1 (March 1987), pp. 53-126, published by Springer, http://www.jstor.org/stable/25800520, writes in the Abstract (here excerpted) as follows with relevance to the sambaqui(s):
"Around 7000 B.P., two new traditions emerged to exploit new habitats. The Humaitá tradition, characterized by large bifacial tools and an absence of stone projectile points, expanded over the broad-leaved forests in the south, leaving the open landscapes dominated by the projectile point-using Umbu tradition. The sambaqui (shell midden) tradition, also emphasizing large bifaces, developed along rugged portions of the southern coast. By 4000 B.P., groups along the coast of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo were using domesticated or semidomesticated plants, perhaps sweet manioc. Maize was being grown in Minas Gerais by about 3500 B.P. Carbon-14 dates from numerous sites indicate, however, that the hunter-gatherer way of life persisted in many places long after the advent of pottery-making horticulturalists." [emphasis added]
A map of the sambaqui in the Jabuticabeira region of Santa Catarina, Brazil (Brasil) was found online in Ximena S. Villagran, Paulo DeBlasis, Paulo C.F. Giannini, Primeros estudios micromorfológicos en sambaquís brasileños (sitio Jabuticabeira II, Estado de Santa Catarina). Intersecciones antropol. [online]. 2009, vol.10, n.2, pp. 359-364. ISSN 1850-373X. Permalink http://ref.scielo.org/4j48wq.

We redraw that map further below in this posting for decipherment purposes, but we would like to emphasize that maps such as the one cited above are the soul of true archaeological research and we are grateful to the authors for the wonderful work done. Below we present their Resumen and Abstract of the above-cited article in both languages to do honor to their service. Their key finding is their conclusion in the last sentence of the Resumen viz. Abstract that the formation of the sambaqui sites "que transciende antiguas dicotomías funcionales" i.e. "transcends traditional functional dichotomies".

"RESUMEN

En esta nota, se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio micromorfológico realizado en el depósito ictiológico que recubre al sambaquí Jabuticabeira II, desarrollados en el marco del proyecto temático interdisciplinario Sambaquis e paisagem. El análisis microestratigráfico permitió identificar procesos pre-depositacionales antrópicos que actuaron en la formación de esta estructura, relacionada con la quema y transporte de material mineral (arenas terrígenas) y residuos orgánicos (carbones) e inorgánicos de origen biológico (huesos, fi tolitos, diatomeas, agregados silíceos). Los efectos de las alteraciones post-depositacionales sobre estas partículas pueden observarse a través de trazas de disolución en los huesos y la formación de un material mineral fino de composición fosfática. Esta articulación de evidencias confirma la compleja combinación de actividades y procesos de alteración involucrados en la formación de sitios sambaquís, que transciende antiguas dicotomías funcionales.

Palabras clave: Micromorfología; Sambaquís; Sedimentos arqueológicos; Geoarqueología.

ABSTRACT

FIRST MICROMORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF BRAZILIAN SAMBAQUÍS, JABUTICABIERA II SITE, SANTA CATARINA STATE. In this note, preliminary results from the micromorphological study of the fish mound that covers the Jabuticabeira II sambaquí site, developed within the interdisciplinary research project Sambaquis e paisagem, are presented. Microstratigraphic analyses enabled the identification of anthropic pre-depositional processes that participated in the formation of this large structure, related to the burning and transport of mineral and organic material (terrigenous sand and charcoal) and inorganic residues of biological origin (bones, phytoliths, diatoms and siliceous aggregates). The effects of post-depositional alterations over these particles can be observed through dissolution traces in bone and the formation of a fine mineral material of phosphatic composition. The articulation of the evidence confirms the complex combination of activities and alteration processes involved in the formation of sambaquí sites, which transcends traditional functional dichotomies.

Keywords: Micromorphology; Sambaquís; Archaeological sediments; Geoarchaeology."

In other words, these mounds were not created just by ancient peoples throwing away their garbage viz. shells. Quite the contrary, they go beyond simple function. Something else was at work, and, as we have discovered, that something else was the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy.

In that ancient land survey, the sambaqui, i.e. the shell midden mounds of Brazil in the Jabuticabeira region, as we have found, mark the stars of "Jabuti" the turtle viz. tortoise of heaven as seen by the ancients in the stars of Columba (see e.g. Palenque, Burgos Municipality, our Y-Axis). The sambaquis view Columba from the astronomical perspective of Northern Hemisphere peoples, i.e. as the "bottom of the world", where the mythology of the ancients of the Old World also placed the turtle, with the world on its back.

This is eminently clear from our decipherment images below. The first image is a combination of two graphic elements. The left side shows the locations of the sambaqui in the Jabuticabeira region of Brazil and the right side shows the corresponding stars of Columba. Click that image to enlarge. The second image shows only the image of the sambaqui locations, while the third image shows only the star correspondences in Columba, with star positions via the software astronomy program Starry Night Pro at http://astronomy. starrynight.com/. The star magnitude limit was set at 6.5 but we removed a few faint stars to make it easier to see some of the groupings of brighter stars more easily. Note also that the ancients sometimes marked two very near stars as only one star.

PLEASE NOTE:
We have added numbers 1 to 20 to each group of sambaqui and to the corresponding groupings of stars to make it easier to see and identify the correspondences. Most of the correspondences are eminently clear.

Image 1 (below)
Locations of Sambaqui in Brazil and the Corresponding Columba Stars
(click the graphic to get a larger image on your screen)



Image 2 (below)
The Locations of the Sambaqui in Southern Santa Catarina, Brazil



Image 3 (below)
The Corresponding Stars in Columba via Starry Night Pro
As Deciphered by Andis Kaulins
(not affiliated with any of the cited sources)


In subsequent postings, we shall be referring to Jabuticabeira in the context of the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy. Some great stuff!

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 133 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Sambaqui viz. Sambaquis - The Shell Midden Mounds of Santa Catarina, Brazil in the Jabuticabeira Region Mark the Turtle viz. Tortoise of Heaven as the Stars of Columba at the Bottom of the World


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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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