Tuesday, May 11, 2004

Ancient Calendric Stele Newly Discovered in Egypt

Ancient Calendric Stele Newly Discovered in Egypt

An ancient calendric stele dated to 238 B.C. has been discovered in Egypt, according to IOL Scitech Technology at Ancient inscribed slab brought to light. One must wonder, however, why mainstream archaeologists claim that this inscribed slab documents an Egyptian calendar reform which was then only implemented 250 years later by Julius Caesar. Why would anyone inscribe a calendric reform which was also not executed at that time? and why would it be implemented only 2 1/2 centuries later.

In our view, the "inscribed slab" documents a calendar reform actually made - IN EGYPT - at the time of the writing of the inscriptions, as one would expect. See my chronology of the world page where we write: "236 BC Restoration of the Etruscan 'Secular (calendric) Games' in Rome".

The 1440-year Calendric Period (4 x 360 years viz. 3 x 480 years)

What calendric reform is being made? that is the eseence of the issue!

The calendric reform is the "great leap year" adjustment for the passage of 1440 years (4 x 360 viz. 3 x 480 years).

The calendar of Pharaonic Egypt (as also that of the Maya, of China, and the Hindu), as I have discovered and always alleged, began in 3117 BC, when a solar eclipse occurred at sunrise at the Winter Solstice in the the solar boat (solar bark) of Capricorn at the stars Al Giedi (Algiedi) and Nashira, accompanied by the planet Jupiter (hence, Winkin', Blinkin' and Nod in their silvery shoe). This rare and awesome event was used to start humanity's first worldwide calendar at year 0, 3117 BC, even though of course astronomical observation and calendric calculation of some kind will have preceded this event - which may account for the Hebrews calculating their calendar back to allegedly ca. September 1, 3761 BC, which in my opinion looks correctly more like September 25, 3760 BC when there was a close conjunction near the Autumn Equinox of the Sun, Moon, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus and Mercury, i.e. the heavenly orbs known to the ancients.

1440 years later was 1677 BC, which was the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period in Egypt.

Calendric Reform began with Khasekhemwy (Khasekhemwi, Chasechemui)

Another 1440 years later (4 x 360 viz. 3 x 480) gives us 237 BC, continuing a tradition established by Khasekhemwy in 2637 BC (2638 BC) of adjusting the calendar every 480 years, which I have long had posted at LexiLine.

The years in the chart below are all adjusted here to reflect the 480-year divisions exactly, whereas actual calendric reform will result in uneven yearly divisions due to overlapping of years, etc.

3117 BC start of the calendar (Egypt, Maya, Hindu - so our opinion)
2637 BC reform of the Calendar by Khasekhemwy for the tropical year
2157 BC First Intermediate Period
1677 BC Second Intermediate Period
1197 BC Rule of King David (Sethos) begins - whence Hall of Records
717 BC Start of the reign of Numa Pompilius, the 1st calendric king of Rome, begins
237 BC Restoration of the Etruscan "Secular (calendric) Games" in Rome - whence the building of Edfu

Ptolemy III Euergetes I and the Temple of Edfu

It was in fact at the time referred to in the newly found inscribed calendric slab that Ptolemy III Euergetes I began the building of the Horus Temple of Edfu (see Dieter Kurth, Edfu, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1994 where he gives the date as 237 BC). [I have this book in my own library. One copy of this book was available today at Abe Books.]

In fact, as the mainstream Egyptologists have not recognized, but as we now clearly see, Edfu is a calendric temple marking this calendric reform and the celebration of the passage of 1440 years (4 x 360 years or 3 x 480 years). Note that Ed-fu = Latvian Dievu "belonging to God" which is the same meaning given to "Ed-fu" by the Egyptologists.

Traditionally, it has been thought that the Sothic period of 4 x 365 years - based on the star Sirius - was determinative for adjusting the solar to the tropical year, but as the German Egyptologist Eduard Meyer wrote correctly many years ago, no Egyptian source ties the Sothic Year to Sirius nor to the period of 1460 (or 1440) years. Rather, it is clear in our view that the Papyrus of Ebers adjusted the calendar for Sirius and only Manetho first apparently used the Sothic Period.

Based on the newly discovered stele, we now know that the Pharaonic Egyptian "great leap year" was tied to the Sun (RA) and extended over a period 1440 years.

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


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    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
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    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
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