Thursday, December 27, 2018

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone: Side 1 and Side 2 Deciphered as Astronomy

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone Sides 1 and 2 Deciphered - see the previous posting for more information. Our drawing of our decipherment is below (click on the pic for a larger version):

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone: Side 3 Deciphered as Astronomy

The Denisova Cave Hematite Stone Side 3 Deciphered - see the LawPundit previous posting on this topic for more information. Our drawing of our decipherment is below (click on the pic for a larger version):

The Denisove Cave Hematite "Pencil Stone" Recently Found in the Siberian Altai Mountains of Russia May Date to ca. 43400 B.C. by Astronomy

The Siberian Times of December 12, 2018 in an article titled
"Ancient coloured "pencil" up to 50,000 years old found in Siberia" <>
reports the sensational find in the Summer of 2018 of a small hematite stone in the southern gallery of the famed Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains of Siberia, Russia,
a discovery announced by Professor Mikhail Shunkov,
head of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography,
Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
[SBRAS Institute of Archeology and Ethnography.]

Based on photographs online of the so-called "Cave Pencil Stone"
made by the SBRAS Institute of Archeology and Ethnography
and found in The Siberian Times,
we have been able to decipher the hematite stone as astronomy,
and present our decipherments as drawings in forthcoming postings
with corresponding stars identified on the three stone "sides" as prominent stars of adjoining celestial regions, and with the main axis of Side 1 showing stars along the Celestial Meridian and Galactic Equator.

The Siberian Times reporter of 12 December 2018 wrote that the archaeologists have suggested that the stone was a "crayon pencil stone", quoting them:
  • "This summer we made a unique find for Denisova Cave. We call it a 'pencil', it has a natural pigment - hematite, which prehistoric artists, used for different art, while living in the cave."
  • "The piece of hematite was processed."
  • "Cave-dwellers used hematite crayon for art work in Altai Mountains...."
  • "The crayon was used to make reddish brown marks." 
  • "We cannot say how exactly it was used, but we believe it was for some artistic purpose. We previously found similar 'pencils' at Karabom Paleolithic site, some 120 kilometres from Denisova Cave. So far we do not know other similar finds, but we hope there will be more."
We do not challenge the archaeologists' interpretation of the use of the hematite stone for artistic purposes, which use may well have taken place,
-- indeed -- our suggested use of the stone is surely "artistic" in a way.

We have identified marks and figures on the stone in drawings and we interpret them to show that the stone had astronomical purposes, perhaps simply astronomical recordation, or for use as a "pocket map" of the stars, or indeed, for making astronomical drawings on stone, as another possibility, of course.

Significantly, perhaps, our drawings seem to permit an astronomical interpretation of the pencil stone which would date it to ca. 43400 B.C., i.e. close to the estimated archaeological date of the layer in the cave where the stone was found, which the archaeologists say is 45,000 to 50,000 years ago.

Normally, we would never accept -- and in the past have NEVER accepted -- such an early date for cave paintings or astronomical stones, also not in the prehistoric caves in France. It seems simply too far back in time for this kind of complex astronomy. Moreover, we always ask, if advanced technology is alleged to exist way back when, what happened in the interim period? There should be a clear, continuous record of use and improvement of any high technology allegedly known in ancient eras. Accordingly, we remain very skeptical of the early date, though the astronomy itself appears to be possible, so who knows?

We must say, just for the record, that we would prefer a date of something like ca. 17480 B.C., one Platonic Year later, i.e. 43400 minus 25920 years, or even much later than that, but we must accept the archaeological dating of the layer in which the stone was found, which is 45,000 and 50,000 years ago, though we retain the possible explanation that the stone was buried into a layer that was older than the era of origin of the stone's use by man for astronomical purposes.

Our astronomical decipherment of the stone suggests that the "processed" stone in the era of its origin may have been used -- as judged by stars and prominent marks for certain sections of the sky -- to record a singular celestial alignment -- on ONE line, or colure -- of the North Celestial Pole, the North Ecliptic Pole, the North Galactic Pole, and the Solstices, in ca. 43400 B.C., together with the near identity viz. close proximity of the virtually parallel lines drawn by the Celestial Meridian and the Galactic Equator in that era. The ancients may have seen this as the "fundamental" alignment of the stellar universe.

The stars and stellar regions marked on the crayon pencil stone are as follows in our decipherment, presented in figures in forthcoming postings (posted separately for easier graphics management):

SIDE 1: The stars running along the Galactic Equator (Milky Way), i.e. Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cygnus, including to the left of that the right stars of Andromeda and Pegasus, with a small diamond-shape on the pencil stone marking the diamond-shaped star group at pi-Cygni and pointing toward the North Celestial Pole in that era
SIDE 2: The stars of Ursa Minor, Draco, Lyra, and Hercules
SIDE 3: The Stars of Ursa Major, Bo├Âtes, Corona Borealis, and Virgo

We do not enter here the current discussion of who the users of the stone may have been: Homo Sapiens, Denisovians, Neanderthals, cross-breds, sub-species, etc. Obviously, given the complexity of the astronomy, we do see in the marks and figures on the stone the forebears of modern human astronomy.


Hat tip to Stone Pages Archaeo News, 19 December 2018, at
Ancient 'pencil' up to 50,000 years old found in Siberia

Sunday, December 23, 2018 reports on Cave Paintings of Animals as Depictions of Stellar Constellations in the Night Sky

Eleanor Imster at Human World in reports on the use of prehistoric cave art in ancient astronomy.

See Prehistoric cave art suggests ancient use of complex astronomy.

Thursday, December 20, 2018

Ancient Human Cave Paintings are Complex Astronomy According to Research at the University of Edinburgh

Hail to the Scots!

The latest news from the University of Edinburgh headlines that
Cave paintings reveal use of complex astronomy, reporting that:
"Some of the world’s oldest cave paintings have revealed how ancient people had relatively advanced knowledge of astronomy.

The artworks, at sites across Europe, are not simply depictions of wild animals, as was previously thought.

Instead, the animal symbols represent star constellations in the night sky, and are used to represent dates and mark events such as comet strikes, analysis suggests.

They reveal that, perhaps as far back as 40,000 years ago, humans kept track of time using knowledge of how the position of the stars slowly changes over thousands of years.
For the last 30 years we have been writing books and articles explaining that ancient rock art, cave paintings and megalithic sites, including carvings and markings on the megaliths themselves, represent "complex" ancient astronomy. See e.g.

We are very happy to see that other researchers are now increasingly drawing similar conclusions to those we have been publishing for decades.

Hat tips to StonePages Archaeo News

and to at
Prehistoric cave art reveals ancient use of complex astronomy

Just keep those congratulatory cards and letters coming ....

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Excalibur Knights of the Round Table III by Roger Dubuis

The classical elements of history, legend and mythology
never go out of style.

What a watch!

Monday, April 02, 2018

"Faces in Stone" as Works of Art in a Landmark Museum Exhibition at Renzo-Piano-Designed Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas, Texas

Ancient "faces in stone" etc. -- in our opinion correctly -- are assigned to the realm of prehistoric human art in a landmark museum exhibition at the Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas, Texas [designed by Prizker Prize-winning architect Renzo Piano].

As written at Glasstire:

"First Sculpture is billed as the “first museum exhibition to present ancient handaxes and figure stones as works of art,” and indeed, the display of these stones is different from how they are usually presented in natural history or anthropology museums."

Although "art" in ancient sculptures and archaic stone carvings has been recognized previously by others, this exhibition is nevertheless a museum landmark in "carving out" the vista of a new pioneer direction for understanding prehistoric human life and activities.

This is in essence what we have been writing about for the last 40 years in "deciphering" the "art" figures, often anthropomorphic, found on megaliths and at megalithic sites, many of which we claim also had a stargazer-based religious-like utility for ancient mankind.

 A new "art era" is dawning, and it will focus on the human past.

Read our published materials, e.g.:
Mainstream Archaeological Error and Avebury Henge: The Barber Stone #9 Was Re-Erected Backwards

See also:

First Sculpture: Handaxe to Figure Stone January 27, 2018 - April 28, 2018 | Exhibition - Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, Texas.

Facebook: Nasher Sculpture Center First Sculpture: Handaxe to Figure Stone

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Equestrians and Modern European Language Origins: Proto-Indo-European (PIE) Emergence: A Horse Riding Wellington Saga

At Scientific American, Roni Jacobson reports on new evidence linking horse riders ("equestrians") to the emergence of Proto-Indo-European language ("PIE"). See Scientific American.
After reading that article, take a look at our decipherment of the Avebury Henge Megaliths at our Ancient World Blog, in particular Avebury Henge Stone #42, which in our analysis represents the stars of Sagittarius as a horse rider.
Are we right? You better believe it!

Our view is that either you know something about this world, or you do not. Those of you who do want to know something, do read about the equestrian paradise Wellington, Florida, a playground for the richest of the rich.

Interesting for those of you out there who read beyond horse-blindered search engines such as Google Scholar,
is the Wellington Saga series (so its title in German), written originally in English by Jessica Whitman in the name of Nacho Figueras, the world's best-known professional polo player and Ralph Lauren model -- the "David Beckham of polo".
See Nacho Figueras Presents and his polo team Black Watch at and

Is there a larger "horse connection" at Wellington? Absolutely. As written at the Wikipedia: "Wellington is host to the Winter Equestrian Festival, the largest and longest running horse show in the world from January to April."

Wellington, Florida also has interesting connections to Donald Trump, Bill Gates and Steve Jobs, see below.

Donald Trump
If you drive due West on US 98 from Mar-a-Lago, you arrive in Wellington after about 15 miles. Black Watch (former) owner Neil Hirsch lives in Wellington and he is a childhood friend of Black Watch owner Peter M. Brant, who is a childhood friend of U.S. President Donald Trump. See
And read a bit about the The Polo Crashers....

Bill Gates and Wellington

Steve Jobs' widow Laurene Powell Jobs and Wellington

So, just as in the days of far distant European antiquity, when it all comes down to where it's really at, it's the horses!

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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