Sunday, May 22, 2005

Who were the first Europeans?

A May 19, 2005 article by Science Editor Roger Highfield at the UK Telegraph News reports in Bones show age of early settlement that ancient bones from a half-dozen humans found in the Czech Republic "have been confirmed as representing the earliest settlement of modern humans in Europe", dating to around 30000 years ago by radiocarbon analysis. This is rivaled only by one similarly dated (said to be ca. 35000 years ago) jaw bone and cranium from Romania.

This dating is extremely significant for an understanding of the ancient history of Europe and the Europeans, especially in view of the following graph by Kelus & Lukaszewicz as found in Ludwig Hirschfeld (Ludwig Hirsfeld, Ludwik Hirszfeld), Probleme der Blutgruppenforschung, Fischer Verlag, showing the Czechs near the center of the branching of human blood types in Europe:
for the graph see LexiLine, Blood Types Worldwide.

We thus have a direct match of the distribution of blood types in Europe with the date of the radiocarbon analysis of human bones in the Czech Republic, thus substantiating the hypothesis that the origin of all European peoples is in the East European area.

Friday, May 20, 2005

Externsteine - The Extern Stones in Germany

Recently I was invited to give a lecture on the Extern Stones (Externsteine) in Germany. The lecture took place at the annual conference of the German "Arbeits- und Forschungskreis Walther Machalett e.V.", May 4-8, 2005, in Horn-Bad Meinberg.


Horn Bad-Meinberg is not coincidentally also the location of the Extern Stones, which are pictured on the admission ticket seen above.

See also e.g. Sacred Sites for some information in English and a couple of photos of the Externsteine.

If one plugs the search term - Externsteine - into Yahoo or Google or one of the other search engines under their Image Search one will see thousands of photographs of these gigantic Ex-Stern-Steine or "Egge-Stern-Steine" (Star Stones in Egge Forest), natural limestones which reach up to 38 meters (125 feet) high and which (in my opinion) have large manmade carvings on them representing not only the stars but also the original gods of the German pantheon.

In my opinon, Stone 11 of the Externsteine is the Throne of Odin (Wotan) in Nordic legend, marking the stars at heaven's center, while Stones 1 through 5 mark the stars of the ecliptic (the modern Zodiac), each corresponding to an ancient Germanic viz. Norse god.

My lecture (in German) is available as part of a CD-ROM published under the name "Frühgeschichtliche Astronomie in Norddeutschland", Schriftliche Fassung der Referate, gehalten auf der 39. Jahrestagung des Arbeitskreises Walther Machalett am 06. und 07. Mai 2005 in Horn/Externsteine, Price 20 Euro, Design by Stefan Hövel.

The CD-ROM content (only available in the German language) is:

1. Sternensteine – Darstellungen frühgeschichtlicher Astronomie am Beispiel der Externsteine (Andis Kaulins) [Star Stones - Prehistoric Astronomy on the Example of the Extern Stones]
2. Der westfälische Bodenhimmel (Gert Meier) [The Sky Mirrored on Earth in Westphalia]
3. Das megalithische Blankenburg-System (Christina Linger / Kai-Uwe Uebner) [The Megalithic System at Blankenburg]
4. Die Himmelsscheibe von Nebra (Andis Kaulins) [The Nebra Sky Disc]
5. Norddeutschland und Ägypten – astronomische und kultische
Beziehungen in der Frühzeit (Gert Meier) [North Germany and Egypt - Astronomical and Cultic Relations in the Prehistoric and Early Historic Period]
6. Vitae [Resumes of the Authors]

Anyone who is interested in obtaining the CD-ROM should write to
Dr. Gert Meier
Im Linder Bruch 38
51147 Koeln (Porz-Lind)

Koeln is the German spelling for the city of Cologne. Dr. Meier is on the Board of Directors of the Machalett Group, which concentrates on the study of German history and is one of the main groups in Germany for such studies. My lecture, for example, was attended by about 100 persons.

I will be getting around some time in the near future to translating my lecture (about 50 pages) into English, but this will be a while down the road yet, as time is always short.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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