Sunday, February 06, 2005

Origins of Writing : Danube Scripts led to Pharaonic Egyptian Hieroglyphs : Confirmation by Pottery Comparison

This is a very important posting because it is a major pioneering step forward in resolving the question of the origin of human writing.

I have been able to decipher several of the Balkan Danube Scripts (ca. 4000-3000 BC) from Transylvania (Romania), Karanovo (Bulgaria) and from Thracian Greece as astronomy. In addition, I have been able to decipher the Djer wooden and ivory tablets from Abydos and Saqqara (ca. 3000 BC) - also as astronomy. In my view, this resolves the question of the origin of Pharaonic writing - it derives from what are today called the Danube Scripts, whatever their provenance may be.

Here are the decipherments (labels are underneath each graphic):

Danube Script Deciphered

Danube Script from Transylvania deciphered as astronomy,
a Planisphere (sky map) dating to ca. 4000 BC

Lepenski Vir Script Deciphered

Lepenski Vir Circular Planisphere (sky map) deciphered,
dating to ca. 4000 BC

Dikili Tash Script Deciphered

Greek Thracian Spindle Whorl from Dikili Tash
deciphered as a planisphere dating to ca. 3750 BC

Karanovo Script Deciphered

Karanovo Script deciphered as a Planisphere
dated to ca. 3000 BC

Comparison of Danube Script and Karanovo Planisphere Decipherments

Comparison of Danube Script and Karanovo Planisphere

Lepenski Vir and Danube Script Decipherments compared

Comparison of Lepenski Vir Script and Danube Script Decipherments

Djer Tablets Deciphered

Decipherment of the Wooden Tablet of Djer (from Saqqara)
and the Ivory Tablet of Djer (from Abydos)
as Pharaonic Planispheres (sky maps).

The last two decipherments had already been made in 2002 but had not yet been posted. Sometimes I make these decipherments and then they are simply forgotten on the hard disk. But I think that a posting now fits in well with the Danube Script decipherments. Indeed, perhaps now was the right time to post them.

As one can easily see from the similar symbols not just generally, but also for specific groups of stars (e.g. Orion and Canis Major (Sirius)), the scripts undeniably have the same origin, as the style of the symbols is the same, only that the corpus of symbols has been expanded on the Djer tablets and of course this expansion continued from there on into the development of hieroglyphic writing in Pharaonic Egypt.

These results confirm the analysis of ancient pottery I have previously made about the similarity of Dnieper, Dniester, Danube, Sumerian and Pharaonic pottery, with an exact ceramic match between the Boian Culture, the Sumerian and the Pharaohs of Egypt.

Baltic 5000 BC ........Boian 5000 BC........Dnieper 5000 BC

Baltic 5000 BC......Boian 5000 BC......Dnieper 5000 BC

Boian closeup........Sumerian Ware........Predynastic Nile

Boian Closeup.........Sumerian Ware.....Predynastic Nile

Djoser........Tutankhamun........Esau's Edom

Djoser..................Tutankhamun........Esau's Edom


How anyone can fail to see the obvious relationship
is beyond my understanding. Are archaeologists blind?

The Danube Script and the Hieroglyphic Writing of Egypt as found in rudimentary form on the Djer Tablets have NOTHING to do with token counting in Mesopotamia. Zero. I go into this more deeply below.

My attention to the Danube Scripts came through snail mail from a friend who sent me a past article on the history of writing as published in a German newspaper (Ulli Kulke, "Es begann mit der Sintflut", Fueilleton, Die Welt, October 10, 2003).

That article cites to two books by Harald Haarmann: 1) Geschichte der Schrift [The History of Writing] and 2) Geschichte der Sintflut - Auf den Spuren der frühen Zivilisation [The History of the Flood - On the Track of Early Civilization], both published by C.H. Beck in Munich.

Haarmann reports that dendrochronological dating of artefacts has shown that the Danube Script, which has been known for decades, is generally becoming to be known as the oldest human writing, in spite of resistance by the "Mesopotamianists" who wish to attach the title of "Mother of all Scripts" to Iraq and to the previous Sumerian culture once extant there.

The Danube script originates in Europe and not the Middle East (see map).

There is considerable controversy on the issue of writing origins.

As written at the Wikipedia under "Writing":

"The first examples of writing are probably cave drawings, most famously found in France. Even these proto-languages show significant structure. The first examples of structured linear writing have been found in the lower Danube Valley and date from around 5000 BC. The first examples of Sumerian writing in Mesopotamia date from around 4000 BC...."

What my new decipherments show is that (at least these) Danubian symbols are astronomical, raising the interesting issue of whether writing developed from astronomical symbols - as appears to be case - rather than from signs for counting, which is a disputed theory propagated by Denise Schmandt-Besserat.

It is in fact quite clear from the evidence that I have now presented that the hieroglyphs of Egypt developed from early pictorial signs as found on the Danube Scripts and not from counting tokens.

One MUST compare the ivory and wooden tablets of Djer to the Danube Scripts. The genetic relationship is unmistakeable.

Maria Carmela Betrò writes that the first specimens of Sumerian writing are basically pictographic (pictorial writing)...." and are not tokens. See also LexiLine.

Accordingly, the token theory has little credence and I find that we have presented very persuasive evidence here that Pharaonic Egyptian hieroglyphic writing developed out of what are today called the Danube Scripts. The initial use of these symbols, as I have clearly demonstrated in my decipherments, was for astronomy, and that takes us to Stars Stones and Scholars and Neolithic astronomy.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

    Our Blogs and Websites

    • 99 is not 100 • Aabecis • AK Photo Blog • Ancient Egypt Weblog • Ancient World Blog • • Andis Kaulins Blog • Archaeology Travel Photos (Flickr) • Archaeology Websearch • Archaeo Pundit • Arts Pundit • Astrology and Birth • Baltic Coachman • Biotechnology Pundit • Book Pundit • Chronology of the Ancient World • Easter Island Script • Echolat • • Einstein’s Voice • Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza • EU Pundit • Gadget Pundit • Garden Pundit • Golf Pundit • Gourmet Pundit • Hand Proof • House Pundit • Human Migrations • Idea Pundit • Illyrian Language • Indus Valley Script • Infinity One : The Secret of the First Disk (the game) • Isandis (blogspot) • Journal Pundit • Kaulins Genealogy Blog • Kaulinsium • Latvian Blog • • LawPundit (blog I) • Law Pundit (blog II) • • Lexiline Journal • LexiLine (ProBoards) • Library Pundit • Lingwhizt • Literary Pundit • Magnifichess • Make it Music • Maps and Cartography • Megalithic World • Megaliths • • Minoan Culture • Mutatis Mutandis • Nanotech Pundit • Nostratic Languages • Phaistos Disc • Pharaonic Hieroglyphs • Photo Blog of the World • Prehistoric Art Pundit • Private Wealth Blog • PunditMania • Quanticalian • Quick to Travel • Quill Pundit • Road Pundit • Sport Pundit • Star Pundit • • Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) • Stars Stones and Scholars (book) • Stonehenge Pundit • The Enchanted Glass • UbiquitousPundit • WatchPundit • Wine Pundit • Word Pundit •