Sunday, December 29, 2013

The Carn Bica Mini-Planisphere Suggests Boötes Takes its Name from Bantu Biti "Hyena"

Carn Bica in the Preseli Hills in Pembrokeshire, Wales, marks the star Er Rai "the King" in Cepheus in the Preseli megalithic planisphere, but the stones at Carn Bica themselves form a "mini-planisphere" of the brightest stars groups found WITHIN the Milky Way ellipse starting with Cepheus as the head of the king, Ursa Minor as the tailed animal headdress, Draco as a camel (so seen by the Berbers because of the "humped" shape of Draco) and Boötes as a hyena.

According to my decipherments, the ancients made planispheres of stars within the ellipse of the Milky Way ca. 4000 B.C. or previous -- such as e.g. the Lake Onega Planisphere (my decipherment) now located in the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Note that the ancients saw the brightest star groups in the heavens similarly to -- but surely not identically with -- the way we see them today.

The Berbers of North Africa saw heaven's center as a camel chased by hyenas and one or two hyenas could be marked in the stones at Carn Bica, one as a possibly baby hyena (?) in the hand (?) of the king and the other off to the right in the stones -- in our decipherment -- as Boötes, a constellation whose name is a term of ancient unknown origin.

This location of the hyena at "Bootes" (without the Umlaut for search engines) puzzled us greatly since it did not correspond to known ancient names for Boötes in Richard Hinckley Allen's Star Names, so we followed a hunch and looked at the languages of Africa, thus discovering that the Bantu Kinyamwezi word for "hyena" is bìtí, which definitely now suggests that the modern and ancient term Boötes may come from an older term in Africa originally meaning "hyena(s)". (Several other Bantu languages have a similar "b-" based term for "hyena" but have lost the T.) See The Bantu Basic Vocabulary Database. Such discoveries occur when the decipherment is sound.


Decipherment and illustration above by Andis Kaulins, December 29, 2013. The illustration is based upon a tracing by Andis Kaulins
(see the traced photo below)
of a photo by Rudi Winter © 2010 at Geograph.co.uk, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0).
 

White marks on stone can sometimes reflect cupmarks and in this case were instrumental to identify the head stars of Scorpio -- lower right hand corner.

Please note that this posting is part of a series of postings by Andis Kaulins on the megalithic sites in the Preseli Hills, Pembrokeshire, Wales. See also:

Decipherment of Carn Arthur, Wales, Pembrokeshire as Hermetic Astronomy, "As Above, So Below"

Carn Menyn (Carn Meini, OS Carnmenyn) Deciphered as Marking the Stars of Draco

King Arthur Pictured at Carn Bica Outcrop: Arthur's "Bedd" is the Circle of Precession

What is the Ancient Gaelic Term for "King"?

King Arthur at Carn Bica Outcrop - Visual Interpretation for Those Who May Be Good at Texts but Not At Picture Visualization

What About that Camel in the King Arthur Carn Bica Outcrop?

King Arthur, the Carn Bica Outcrop, A Berber Camel, and Two Hyenas at Heaven's Center in Ancient Astronomy

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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