Monday, December 29, 2014

Allen Rock Petroglyphs in Habersham County Georgia USA Mark Stars of the Heavens Principally Orion

As deciphered by Andis Kaulins, the petroglyphs on Allen Rock of Habersham County, Georgia, USA, and as pictured online in a photograph by Alan Cressler at, who otherwise has no connection to our work or research, are part of a previously identified ancient survey ("track") system, and mark stars of the heavens, principally Orion, which was the hermetic location represented by this boulder in this system. Please note that in our decipherment we have turned the rock 90 degrees from Cressler's photo orientation online, which photographs the rock as it is currently found on the ground.

This posting is a follow-up on recent previous postings about the petroglyphs in western North Carolina and northeastern Georgia, USA, which are all part of one ancient hermetic system, "as above, so below", orienting locations on Earth by the stars.

In addition to Orion, also represented on this petroglyphic rock seem to be the stars of Canis Minor, Canis Major, Gemini, Auriga, and Taurus, and possibly Puppis and the star Canopus. This boulder would seem to have a unique identity because it is an ancient sky map on a round rock, indicating the ancients had understanding of the "round" and not flat form of the heavens.

The stars identified are marked on Allen Rock by cup marks, also called "cupules", which are hollowed out roundings in the stone made by ancient peoples, the purpose of which even up to our modern time has not been properly understood by the archaeological community. Our decipherments of these cupmarked stones in ancient America should help to remedy the situation.

We remain uncertain about the dating of the petroglyphs on this rock, which initially seemed to indicate a date of ca. 4500 B.C. if we regard some of the markings on the rock to mark the Vernal Equinox, the ecliptic and the celestial equator. But that still remains up for debate, in view of our later thoughts on the matter.

The more or less "horizontal" transverse line crossing through Gemini would appear to be the ecliptic.
The celestial equator would then appear to be the more or less "horizontal" transverse line crossing just above the upper stars of Orion.

This would give a meeting point in Taurus of the two to mark the Vernal Equinox and that would be more like 3000 B.C. or, the date we often use for megalith cultures, ca. 3117 B.C., viz. -3116 by astronomy.

It is of course also entirely possible that different rocks were carved with petroglyphs in different eras since precession moves the position of Equinoxes and Solstices -- which must therefore periodically always be adjusted over longer time spans to stay in sync with the actual seasons.

Accordingly, the more or less vertically marked lines here could speculatively mark a precessional gap, i.e. an intercalation made, or attempted to be made, because of the forward progression of the seasons through the stars.

However, we have been unable to come to any conclusive result, so that the matter remains completely open, not just for this rock, but all the petroglyphic rocks of Georgia and North Carolina. The dating is still very provisional.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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