Monday, December 29, 2014

Two Petroglyph Boulders of Northeast Georgia USA near Helen are Astronomy Marking Stars of Canis Minor and Major, Orion, and Taurus

The petroglyphs of northeast Georgia, USA are here alleged to be location markers placed by ancient astronomy in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below". This posting thus follows the related postings that preceded it, here showing how the Hickorynut Track Rock 1 (Boulder 1) of Hickorynut Mountain near Helen, Georgia, principally marks the stars of Canis Major (that identification seems rather certain), and also appears to mark the the stars of Orion (less certain), together with a marker for the Vernal Equinox at time of the making of the petroglyphs, which would appear to go back clear to about ca. 5000 B.C., but this must still be regarded as very speculative, given what I write below about Boulder 2.

In Boulder 1 below, the identification of Canis Minor, Puppis, Taurus, the Hyades and especially the Pleiades is also much less certain than Canis Major or Orion. This "boulder" with its petroglyphs is one of the most beautiful rocks that we have seen out there, so take a look at a photograph by Alan Cressler at To see some of the figures better, invert the colors of the rock using a graphics program. Note that the figures thought to be "hands" are actually representations of bright stars either as flames viz. flaming objects or as some kind of flowers. The colored circles and other colored enclosed regions on each graphic below correspond to each other, showing the stars intended.

Alan Cressler has a photograph of the neighboring rock (Boulder 2) which we have deciphered in the interim as showing similar groups of stars as Boulder 1, perhaps having a fertility rite type of character. Moreover, Boulder 2 could date to ca. 2470 B.C. -- a date we assign to the Judaculla Rock sky map as well, so that the 5200 B.C. date for Boulder 1 that we initially suggested above could be in error as a misinterpretation of the baker's peel as an equinox marker.

Here is Boulder 2 (Hickorynut Track Rock 2) deciphered by tracing major lines and cupules:

David Kaufman of the University of Kansas in his document titled Orion, Uaxactun, Izapa, and Creation, writes as follows at
"The Orion constellation is linked with creation and fertility in the mythology and cosmology of both ancient Mesoamerica and North America....  Orion is linked with creation in the mythology and cosmology of the northern Plains.... A similar story ... is told by the Oneidas and other Iroquoian groups in the Northeast."

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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