Sunday, May 03, 2015

Kolomoki Mounds State Park Earthworks Near Blakely Georgia -- the Largest in that State -- Mark the Bright Stars of Aries at the Vernal Equinox ca. 200 BC

The earthworks at Kolomoki Mounds State Park near Blakely, Georgia mark the bright stars of Aries, most likely in ca. 200 B.C. when the "head" of Aries marked the Vernal Equinox at the Celestial Meridian.

The Wikipedia writes:
"The Kolomoki Mounds is one of the largest and earliest Woodland period mound complexes in the Southeastern United States and is the largest in Georgia. Constructed from 350CE to 600CE, they are located in present-day Early County near the Chattahoochee River.

The mounds were designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1964. Seven of the eight mounds are protected as part of Kolomoki Mounds State Historic Park....
As with other mound complexes, the people built and sited the earthworks according to a complex cosmology. Researchers have noted that several mounds are aligned according to astronomical events. For example, mounds A, D, and E, which form the central axis of the site, align with the sun at the spring equinox. Mounds F and D form an alignment with the sun at the summer solstice."
That may well be correct, we have not checked it, but they always forget to mention THE STARS, which were the most important of all to the ancients!

Here is the "stellar" decipherment of Kolomoki showing Alpha Arietis (known as Hamal, one of the brightest stars in the sky at magnitude 2.0), Beta Arietis (known as Sheratan),  Gamma Arietis (Mesarthim, a binary star), Lambda Arietis (a double star), as well as 41 Arietis (a bright star of magnitude ca. 3.6). As written at Richard Hinckley Allen in Star Names about Beta Arietis:
"Sharatan and Sheratan ... the dual form of Al Sharat, a Sign, referring to this and [Gamma] , the third star in the head [of Aries], as a sign of the opening year, [Beta] having marked the vernal equinox in the days of Hipparchos, about the same time when these stars were named.""
The Decipherment of the Kolomoki Mounds as Stars of Aries
(click on the image to see it in larger size)

The mound positions are based on two sources: 1) Kolomoki Mounds State Park at Georgia State Parks, Park Map via the link at, and 2) pages 109 of William N. Morgan, Precolumbian Architecture in Eastern North America, Ripley P. Bullen Series, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL, 1999,

Star positions, as always, are given via the marvelous astronomy software program, Starry Night Pro,, although they of course are not responsible for the thick colored lines and explanatory texts that we add in the course of our decipherments.

One can view the stars marked by Kolomoki by looking at this instructive photograph at the webiste of JAMES B. (JIM) KALER, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy, University of Illinois, and his marvelous and star-labeled photograph there of Aries (see also that link!) as also at

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 75 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Kolomoki Mounds State Park Earthworks Near Blakely Georgia -- the Largest in that State -- Mark the Bright Stars of Aries at the Vernal Equinox ca. 200 BC

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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