Monday, May 04, 2015

The Tomoka Mounds and Middens near Ormond Beach in Florida Mark Primarily the Stars of the Lower Fish of Pisces as a Shark with the Head to the Left and the Body to the Right

As written in the Abstract to Bruce John Piatek, The Tomoka Mound Complex in Northeast Florida, Southeastern Archaeology, Vol. 13, No. 2, Archaic Mounds in the Southeast (Winter 1994), pp. 109-118, Maney Publishing,
"The Tomoka Mound Complex has been known since 1871 as a major coastal shell midden with numerous conical mounds. It had been investigated on three prior occasions, yet the site remained an enigma, undefined temporally and culturally. Recent work establishes Tomoka as a preceramic Archaic period, Mount Taylor site with conical earthen mounds constructed during the Late Archaic. This assessment contradicts traditional models of Archaic life in Florida, which do not provide for large coastal sites nor the construction of earthen mounds during the Archaic period."
According to our analysis and the decipherment image below, the Tomoka Mounds and Middens near Ormond Beach in Florida mark primarily the stars of the lower fish of Pisces, extending from Alpha Pisces as the head, which is always the way we instinctively have seen these stars at the sharp "nose".

We have never understood why the ancients in the Old World saw Alpha Piscium as marking the "tails" of two fish, and here at Tomoka the mounds and middens clearly show the head of the fish at the left, and pointing to the left, here as a shark with the lower back of the fish after the upper fin located at the Cluster of Pisces, opposite to the way we view the lower fish of Pisces modernly.

The decipherment above was so elementary that the decipherment image speaks for itself. Most of the ware mounds have direct corresponding stars in Pisces viz. neighboring stars of Cetus.

Our decipherment image is based on location maps of mounds and middens at:
The star positions, as always in our postings, are rendered via the astronomy software program, Starry Night Pro,, which permits the setting of star positions at any date in history. We add all the explanatory lines, figures and texts and are not affiliated with Starry Night Pro or any of our other cited sources.

Note here that if Omicron Piscium marks the Winter Solstice via the apparent plethora of mound wares at that corresponding star location in the middens, then the construction could date to ca. 4700 B.C., surely then making the sitemakers inheritors of "the Windover culture".

HOWEVER, we have significant problems with accepting dates that far back for these mounds and middens and we leave the chronology here for others to determine since we see nothing in these mounds and middens astronomically that actually demands such an early date. Anytime we see anything beyond ca. 3000 B.C. for mounds of any kind, we are skeptical, since we see astronomical mounds as elements of megalithic culture, and we do not think it went back much further than that. But that is just our personal preference of opinion. Ultimately, the facts, radiocarbon data and other parameters will decide.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 78 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America 

The Tomoka Mounds and Middens near Ormond Beach in Florida Mark Primarily the Stars of the Lower Fish of Pisces as a Shark with the Head to the Left and the Body to the Right

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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