Sunday, February 06, 2011

34 - The Syllable NI : Origins of Writing in Western Civilization and the Kaulins Minoan Aegean Sign Concordance (MinAegCon™): A Syllabic Grid of Mycenaean Greek Linear B Script, the Cypriot Syllabary, the Phaistos Disk, two Old Elamite Scripts, the Inscription on the Axe of Arkalochori, and Comparable Signs from Sumerian Pictographs and Egyptian Hieroglyphs

This is the 34th posting in this series (which started here), and presents the Syllable NI in the Syllabic Grid. Each syllable is presented in its own posting.

There is first a scan of a "syllabic" table excerpt from the original Microsoft Word manuscript -- the links there are not clickable because it is one image.

That image is followed by the original text -- the links there are clickable -- but you can not see the Aegean Fonts or images embedded in Microsoft Word, as these do not resolve in Blogger, so you will see some "filler" material. After I get all the syllables online, I will clean up the individual pages by making images of the various signs and uploading them to eliminate the current text resolution deficiencies, but it is a massive amount of tedious extra graphics work, so I am not doing it right now, as it is not essential for online purposes. One can see the full grid for the syllable on the scanned image.



The Syllable NI in the Minoan Aegean Sign Concordance (by Andis Kaulins)


NI
The common concept
here is found in trees, blossoms, fruits.
The Linear B sign is seen
as a fig tree in Minoan
agricultural texts.
If Linear A has an Indo-
Iranian connection,[1] it
is interesting that the
syllabically similar
Persian term anjir
means "fig tree".

Wikipedia Fig leaf,
Matson Photograph
Collection, ca 1925-1946
Cypriot
syllabary

𐠜
NO

Is it possible
that some N-
based values
of the Cypriot
syllabary need
be exchanged
to accord with
this grid?
The sign
placement on
this grid would
be retained for
all signs,
regardless of
syllabic value change.
Linear B

𐀛(30)
NI

Fig tree in
Minoan
agricultural texts.
Persian anjir
"fig tree".
__________
The Phaistos
Disk flower
sign right is
most likely
the
(Grecian
windflower)

Phaistos Disk

𐇵
NI


anemone
blanda

Thumb of
anemone
photo at Wikimedia
No comparable Axe sign
__________
Anemone-like blossoms
on the tree of life in
Mesopotamia
From Uruk, Djemdet
Nasr, Moortgat, 11, 67,
via Schmökel, T. 12.

The fig tree is the 3rd
tree noted by name. 1st
is the Tree of Life. 2nd is
the Tree of Knowledge.
Adam and Eve clothed in
leaves of the fig tree.
The fig was a food of the
promised land.
Elamite


NI



Sumerian
ŋiš (ģis) is
also read
MU9
“wood”
to which
compare
Latvian
mešz
“forest“.
Sumerian

NIR
“two trees”
figs?

Egyptian
 (M1)
NEHI
NHT
sycamore fig
(Pharaoh fig)
R. Hannig, Ägy. Wörter.


[1] Hubert La Marle, Linéaire A, la première écriture syllabique de Crète. Geuthner, Paris, 4 volumes, 1997–1999, 2006; Introduction au linéaire A. Geuthner, Paris, 2002; L'aventure de l'alphabet: les écritures cursives et linéaires du Proche-Orient et de l'Europe du sud-est à l'Âge du Bronze. Geuthner, Paris, 2002; Les racines du crétois ancien et leur morphologie: communication à l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, 2007. http://www.premiumwanadoo.com/crete-minos-linear.a/index.html. Diana Gainer writes at scienceblogs.com in a comment: "For a summary of this and other studies covering most of the world, you could always buy my book "The Human Journey" available on the Kindle electronic book (less than $10 now) on Amazon. There is also a recent study of genetic data of people on the island of Crete, which indicates that they are different from other Greeks. ("The origin of Cretan populations as determined by characterization of HLA alleles" in Tissue Antigens 1999 Mar. 53 (3):213-226). I am not an expert in the chemistry involved, but the conclusions are clear enough. Most of the Greek population originated after 2000 B.C., probably as Indo-European speakers. But most Cretan were there earlier, from before the Neolithic. They share a number of genes with Imazighen populations, Caucasoid Berbers who now live along the North African coast and in various parts of the Sahara desert. Some of these people, it is hypothesized, migrated northward as far as Crete between 8000 and 6000 B.C., when the Sahara-Sahel area first began to dry up (before that, it was very green and supported herds of animals, like modern sub-Saharan Africa, as a recent article in the journal Science demonstrated). They are thought to be related to the populations that became Sumerians (ancient southern Iraqis) and Iberians (ancient Spain and Portugal) also. The authors say that this is supported by linguistic data as well as genetic data, but I have my doubts about that part. So far as I know, Sumerian is an agglutinative language rather like modern Turkish, not known to be related to anything else. Linear A, the oldest type of writing found on Crete, has recently been deciphered by the Frenchman, Hubert la Marle, as a form of ancient Indo-Iranian, an Indo-European language very distantly related to Greek. The ancient Iberian language is thought to be ancestral to Basque, another isolate." See also Linear A deciphered? at Minerva's Owl.

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