Monday, July 27, 2015

Keystone Petroglyph Boulder viz. Megalith, Mendocino County, California, Marks Principally the Stars of Virgo at the Autumn Equinox ca. 500 B.C.

We now move to the decipherment of various California sites that continue to mark Virgo as we move northward along the Pacific Coast of the present USA.

Mark Gary and Dan Foster in Mendocino County and Rock Art Conservation, Society for California Archaeology NEWSLETTER, Volume 24, Number 3, May 1990, show an image of the Keystone Petroglyph Boulder (MEN-2200), writing that it is:
"[P]erhaps the most complex boulder in the northwest coast region and also one of tremendous archeological significance ... [with analysis showing that] at least three distinctive "styles" are present, one superimposed upon the other."
The basis for the underlying drawing of the megalithic stone boulder shown here is copyright by John Betts and we have used it as our basis to decipher that Keystone Petroglyph Boulder viz. Megalith as follows:

Decipherment of the Keystone Boulder of Mendocino County, California
as Representing Principally the Stars of Virgo ca. 500 B.C., but also showing stars of Corvus, Crater, Sextans, Hydra and Leo

The underlying drawing used as the basis for the decipherment is copyright by John Betts
though this is not the original drawing, but only an adaptation for which we make no warranty of correctness. Please consult the original drawing at the source cited above.
The decipherment is by Andis Kaulins, who is unaffiliated
and who has added the red marks and texts for purposes of explanation.

Using Starry Night Pro ( as the background
The Stars Represented by the Cupmarks viz. Cupules and Lines
on the Keystone Boulder, Mendocino County, California
(explanatory red lines and circles added by Andis Kaulins,
who is not affiliated with Starry Night Pro)

Crystal clear, really.

There is little doubt about the general correctness of this particular decipherment. Perhaps some details may prove incorrect down the road, but the essential astronomical nature and the general sky area depicted are obvious.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 116 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Keystone Petroglyph Boulder viz. Megalith, Mendocino County, California, Marks Principally the Stars of Virgo at the Autumn Equinox ca. 500 B.C.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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