Monday, July 13, 2015

Petroglyph Boulders viz. Petroglyphic Megaliths as Former Tribal Boundaries in Native America

Further postings about the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy are in the works. In coming postings we decipher sites in California and Oregon Country viz. the Pacific Northwest, clear to Alaska.

In this connection, we read at MendoNews about the Spy Rock Petroglyph Boulder in northern California as follows regarding the importance of such megalithic petroglyph boulders to mark tribal boundaries in Native America:
"In aboriginal California, territorial boundaries and natural resources might have been marked for various reasons. It is a habit that we continue even today. Writing about California Indians in the early 1870s, Stephen Powers noted that ". . . the boundaries of all tribes are marked out with the greatest precision, being defined by certain creeks, canyons, boulders, conspicuous trees, springs, etc., each of which has its individual name" (Heizer and Elsasser 1980:204). The use of boulders as markers is recorded in the ethnography of several northern and southern California Indian tribes. Such markers were used by the Luiseiio of southern California (Minor 1975:15). Songs in the migration legends of these people mention the travels of their ancestors and the landmarks left by them....

In northern California, territory boundary markers are often thought of as "cornerstones."

The Spyrock Road petroglyph boulder (MEN-1912) is still used by the Cahto as a cornerstone marking their interior boundary (Foster 1983:51). The Bell Springs petroglyph boulder (MEN-433) probably represents a similar site. Both boulders are covered with petroglyphs, including numerous cupules. Among the Pomo, such cornerstones are thought of as “mountain baby rocks” (Peri et al. 1978:204)...."
Accordingly, it is undisputed that megaliths served as territorial landmarks. That recognition is not our discovery.

What we claim in addition -- as our principle hypothesis -- is that these territorial landmarks were placed in Native America via land survey techniques guided by the stars, a technology which, frankly, should have been expected by the archaeological community. How otherwise could ancient land survey have been conducted, if not by the stars?

Indeed, as for the above mentioned "baby rocks", as we shall see in coming postings, the Pomo "baby rocks" and the many signs relating to fertility in the region relate to what we presume to be the origin of the name of Oregon Country (the name origin of Oregon is otherwise unknown), which marked Virgo in the ancient land survey of Native America by astronomy.

Our next posting looks at the Blythe Intaglios in California on the Colorado River, which builds a natural border even today between California and Arizona.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 110 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Petroglyph Boulders viz. Petroglyphic Megaliths as Former Tribal Boundaries in Native America

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."