Monday, January 11, 2010

Egypt and the Pyramid Builders

Katarina Kratovic of the Canadian Press (CP) headlines the January 11, 2009 article that
Egypt says newly discovered tombs provide more evidence slaves did not build pyramids.
"[Photo] Egyptian archaeology workers dig tombs in front of the Great Pyramid, in Giza, Egypt, Monday, Jan. 11, 2010. Egyptian archaeologists discovered a new set of tombs belonging to the workers who built the great pyramids, shedding light on how the laborers lived and ate more than 4,000 years ago, the antiquities department said. ([photo] THE ASSOCIATED PRESS/Amr Nabil)"
The conclusion of "who" built the Giza Pyramids is not answered quite that simply, however, especially since the new tombs revealed skeletons that had suffered from hard labor and had arthritis.

As with any building project, to answer the question of "who" built something, you have to consider:

1) who gave the order to build the pyramids
2) who financed the pyramid buildings
3) who were the design architects of the pyramids
4) who were the overseers of the construction
5) who were the suppliers of the raw materials for building
6) who was in charge of transport and logistics
7) who were the skilled craftsmen required to build the pyramids
8) who were the manual laborers needed to do the heavy work of moving stones, etc.

It is typical for the tunnel-viewed Egyptologists that these questions are all tossed into one pot, rather than being handled in a sensible, differentiated manner.

Thus, as for the actual identity of the pyramid "builders", their origin may well differ according to which of the above building tasks we are talking about.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."