Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Stonehenge Extended Groundplan Map

To enable readers to follow subsequent astronomical identification of stones and parameters at Stonehenge more easily, we present here our own extended original drawing of the Groundplan of the larger Stonehenge site. A further interpretative groundplan map -- with a unique view of the "station stones" and the purpose of Stonehenge generally -- follows in the subsequent posting.

Please note that the black marks represent upright stones. Many of the stones that mainstream archaeologists think of currently as "fallen" were in fact intentionally placed horizontally, as at Arbor Low. See our previous posting at Stonehenge Deciphered. Such "flat" placed stones are marked grey in color.


Our placements of earthworks and stones in that drawing are not perfect (but we trust close enough to be useful). They are based on the fundamental Stonehenge groundplan drawing -- protected by Crown Copyright, and hence not used by us in the original here -- as prepared by the Ancient Monuments Branch, Ministry of Public Building and Works, England, as that drawing was reproduced on the inside front and back covers of Gerald S. Hawkins, Stonehenge Decoded, Doubleday, Garden City, New York.

In addition, we relied on a marvelously drawn map by Anthony Johnson at The Stones of Stonehenge to add more stones than those on the above cited map.

Our own drawing is new because we needed to prepare a somewhat simpler presentation -- if the above drawing can be called "simpler" --  in which the numbering was better readable and some of the main features more visible, e.g. our simpler presentation of the outer henge earthworks. Our placements are at best "approximate". This is not a professional survey.

We also did not try to mirror exactly the shapes of the stones from above, although the shape of some stones from above is in fact important (stones 38 and 14, and 9a and 9b, for example). Some stones we show from the side (e.g. 16, the reason will become clear in the next postings).

But first, let us take a look at an interpretative version of the above map, especially our view of the main axis and the so-called "station stones".

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."