Friday, March 13, 2015

A Sky Map Etched on the Stone Surface of the Cahokia Birdman Tablet (the Birdman was Surely the "Astronomer Surveyor Priest") : The Crosshatch Back Side Diagonals Each Marked Six Degrees of the Heavens

We now return to the Cahokia Birdman Tablet, taking with us our new knowledge about Monks Mound as marking the heart of the Ursa Major archer, hunter or warrior.

Photographic images of the Cahokia Birdman Tablet enlarged via the zoom function of our graphic image software Paint Shop Pro suggest that there are microscopic cupules viz. cupmarks and also darker spots that appear to be etched onto the surface of the tablet. We are familiar with these kinds of markings from our previous research on megaliths, where such marks are found on many stones. Many researchers just look for the "big" holes -- drilling where drilling is easiest -- as Einstein said, rather than realizing that the truth is often found in the smallest details, and so it is.

When these etchmarks were all "spotted" to the best of our ability, then the result became a clearly identifiable sky map of the heavens centered on Ursa Minor, Ursa Major and midheaven. One explanation for such barely perceptible marking, by the way, is that perhaps this star map was intended to be "hidden" as secret knowledge of a priest in his era.

Interesting in this analysis is that the perhaps better-called "Astronomer Surveyor Priest of Cahokia" has placed his "EYE" squarely at the four-star end of Ursa Minor, right at the North Celestial Pole in ca. 500 A.D. His heart is in the empty hollow (devoid of stars) of the Big Dipper of Ursa Major, as at the Monks Mound, Cahokia. His ear (or ear-ring) is at a comparable point to Woodhenge at the Cahokia mounds and other earthworks, where it marks the Celestial Equator ca. 500 A.D.

The First Image shows the Birdman Tablet, the points we have identified, with red lines marking correspondences to stars and astronomical parameters as presented in the Second Image below it, showing the Birdman in the stars, i.e. the star positions as given via Starry Night Pro, plus our added lines of explanation and correspondence..

The Birdman Tablet and the "Spotted" Hidden Etchmarked Stars

The Birdman Tablet was analyzed via photographs, especially a high qualilty one of the original tablet by Calvin J. Hamilton of Collinsville, Illinois, online at We have no affiliation with either the photographer or that website. The above decipherment is by Andis Kaulins, March, 2015, Traben-Trarbach. Many of the star placements are subjective and need to be verified and/or improved by other observers in the future.

The Birdman of Cahokia  in the Stars

The item that caused us to look for "more" in the Birdman image than immediately met the eye was the overly long hawkish nose and some other thus far unexplained features.

Why that nose? The astronomy indicates that the nose marks Ursa Minor -- at the North Celestial Pole ca. 500 A.D. The stars of Ursa Minor shape a like nose image if one puts the "eye" of the figure within the top stars of Ursa Minor.
We also observed that the stairway-type image to the right of the priest is not something one would normally expect, so what is it? It is like a terraced ziggurat and shows ca. seven levels.

We previously pointed out the ca. 7 levels on Monolith #1 at the Herschel Petroglyphs, but there are MORE similar depictions of those levels in other petroglyphs in the USA, and you will be seeing some of those in coming postings, for, in our opinion, they represent astronomical "levels" also used in land survey. In addition, there are a couple of perpendicular lines extending downward from the ca. seven levels. What are those? Also for those, we have a coming explanation, based on land survey by astronomy.

On the BACK of the Cahokia Birdman Tablet, there are also two interlaced "stairways" of levels, diagonally placed in a crosshatch pattern. There are all kinds of guesswork interpretations out there in academia about what the crosshatch pattern might mean, but we presumed it might simply represent the fields of measurement used on the FRONT side of the Tablet, measuring by diagonals. So we mirrored (flipped) the back crosshatch horizontally to make it match the front side and laid the crosshatch pattern of the BACK SIDE on top of the FRONT SIDE, which we show below:

Immediately apparent is that the EYE of the Astronomer Surveyor Priest is directly in the middle row of the diagonals in the second row from the top. Hardly a coincidence, we thought. Then we looked at the stars that the Cahokia Birdman Tablet covers and measured diagonally the angular distance between the most distant corners of the Tablet, giving a value of approximately 60° both ways, again, hardly a coincidence, we thought, so that the 10 diagonal rows on the back each way (one diagonal actually has 11 rows) presumably each mark ca. 6 degrees of the sky.

We note that the "ear" viz. "ear-ring" circle that marks Woodhenge at the Monks Mound also occupies its own diagonal diamond, which fits the picture.

It may also be intended that the Monks Mound Heart in the empty portion of the cup of the Big Dipper of Ursa Major, which is devoid of stars, sits at the middle of four diagonal diamond measurement quadrants.

The tablet's diagonal distances are ca. 60° of angular separation, measured from the stars of today's Camelopardalis in the right lower corner to lambda Boötes in the upper left corner and from the North Ecliptic Pole in the right upper corner to the star Tania Australis in the left lower corner.

Those are the general star locations that appear to mark the extreme corners on the Cahokia Birdman Tablet. One crosshatch diagonal was then surely measured as ca. 6 degrees.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 40 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

A Sky Map Etched on the Stone Surface of the Cahokia Birdman Tablet (the Birdman was Surely the "Astronomer Surveyor Priest") : The Crosshatch Back Side Diagonals Each Marked Six Degrees of the Heavens

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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