Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Cahokia Mounds Platforms and Palisades Mark Stars of Ursa Major as a Bow-and-Arrow Wielding "Galactic" Hunter

And now, for some really spectacular stuff.

The Cahokia mounds, platforms and palisades of Collinsville, Illinois, just across the Mississippi River from St. Louis Missouri, as we read at the Wikipedia, comprise "the largest and most complex archaeological site north of the great pre-Columbian cities in Mexico."

As we have discovered and as documented in the two images below, the Cahokia historic site marks stars of Ursa Major, thus fitting in exactly with the general system of land survey of Native North America by astronomy that we have been posting about for months.

What is spectacular is the "image" that the mounds form, i.e. of all the stars available in this part of the sky to the ancient astronomical land survey design architects, why did they select the stars that they selected and what image do those stars form? Many of the selected stars appear insignificant in terms of brightness, so why were they chosen? The answer is quite fantastic.

The Cahokia Mounds Platforms & Palisades


 The Corresponding Stars


Cahokia marking the stars of Ursa Major as a result is something we expected given our previous postings in this series of postings on the ancient land survey of Native North America by astronomy. However, the actual decipherment of the Cahokia historical site proved to be a daunting task.

It became clear that the over 100 mounds and other earthworks of Cahokia represented the stars of Ursa Major, but not in a customary visualization, and that development we did not initially expect.

Rather, the ancient Native North America astronomical architects presented these stars as a kind of stellar "galactic" archer viz. hunter or warrior with bow and arrow, whose feet are planted firmly on the Galactic Meridian, who would appear to be aiming at the Vernal Equinox in ca. 1000 B.C. and whose elbow, at least in 500 A.D. would be resting at Woodhenge of Cahokia.

We would call that putting astronomy at the human level.

It would appear, however, that in addition to a ca. 1000 B.C. "founding date" for this basic "design", also the Celestial Meridian for the ca. 500 A.D. era was marked, with Woodhenge acting as the marker, and thus providing a simple explanation for something that has left the rest of the world perplexed.  The Cahokia "Woodhenge" is thus no longer a great mystery. It is astronomy.

Obviously, the site will show astronomical markers from several eras.

The largest mound, Monk's Mound, marks the empty space in the cup of the Big Dipper, i.e. it itself is not marked by a star, but only by the surrounding stars. We have seen temples placed at open spaces among the stars before at other mound sites, so this is not new, but you have to know to look for it.

Mound, platform and palisade locations in our map above are based in reliance on online maps at Cahokia Mounds Museum Society, Collinsville, Illinois, at http://cahokiamounds.org/explore, National Geographic Magazine at http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/01/cahokia/cahokia-map-illustration, and Sally A. Kitt Chappell, Cahokia: Mirror of the Cosmos at http://www.press.uchicago.edu Images/Chicago/chappell42.gif.

Dating of Cahokia is not a clear thing. We do date the Woodhenge at Cahokia to ca. 500 A.D. because Woodhenge seems to mark the Celestial Meridian there at that date, a date which corresponds approximately to the beginning of the active settlement period at Cahokia according to mainstream archaeology.

However, our 1000 B.C. dating of the bow-wielding archer, warrior or hunter is not guaranteed. He would appear to be aiming at the Vernal Equinox in ca. 1000 B.C. according to our astronomical analysis, but is this the original design of the site?

There is evidence of settlement activity at Cahokia for that earlier period. As written at the Wikipedia under Cahokia:
"Although there is some evidence of Late Archaic period (approximately 1200 BCE) occupation in and around the site, Cahokia as it is now defined was settled around 600 CE during the Late Woodland period."
The decipherment here of course is ours, and it supersedes and replaces previous general placements by us of Cahokia at nearby Boötes and midheaven, placements made, however, without detailed study of the Cahokia mounds but made mostly relative to the general identification of other sites some years ago.

The redating of the Serpent Mound to the modern period by mainstream archaeology, whose previous older dating led to our previous placement of the Serpent Mound at Ursa Major, left us no alternative but to place Cahokia at stars to the left of Ursa Major in our system since Ursa Major was assigned.

There is now no doubt, however, as previously deciphered in this series of postings, that the Serpent Mound marked the stars of Draco and, consequently, that Cahokia thus marked the stars of Ursa Major.

Significant for future postings is that a line drawn in Google Earth from Las Labradas to Cahokia crosses Spiro, Oklahoma, site of the Spiro Mounds, previously deciphered to mark stars at the Galactic Meridian at the convergence of the stars of Gemini, Auriga and Lynx. Las Labradas is the left "mainland" corner of our previously identified land survey X-Axis baseline.

With Cahokia in place, we are now in an outstanding position to extend and expand our land survey lines of the ancient land survey by astronomy and to ask some interesting questions.

Science, after all, in the first instance, is about asking intelligent questions.

Ponder, for example, why the Saskatchewan petroglyphs -- which all mark the stars of Scorpio in our previous decipherments in this series -- are located where they are in the veritable "middle of nowhere" and not somewhere else, and what they had to do with ancient land survey.

After all, Roche Percee, Saskatchewan, one of the Saskatchewan petroglyph locations, and location of the 60-star Thunderbird, is located, according to Google Earth, on a straight line distance a mere 137 miles rom Rugby, North Dakota.

Look it up.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 36 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Cahokia Mounds Platforms and Palisades Mark Stars of Ursa Major as a Bow-and-Arrow Wielding "Galactic" Hunter


Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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