Sunday, March 01, 2015

Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #1 Is a Sky Map of the Heavens ca. 3000 B.C. and a Design Plan for the Survey of Ancient Native North America

Monolith #1 at the Herschel Petroglyphs is a magnificent cupuled viz. cupmarked stone whose vertical and horizontal lines suggested to us the idea that they represented the method by which Native North America could have been surveyed in ca. 3000 B.C.
Those lines on Monolith #1 were also noted as being significant in a Masters Thesis by Erinn Dayle Schneider, Rock art in southern Saskatchewan, Department of Archaeology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, 2003, p.55 -- online at eCommons Electronic Theses and Dissertations: and
"A central vertical line runs from the present ground surface to the top of the rock face.... The rock face is also divided by a number of horizontal lines extending outwards from the central vertical line. Some of these horizontal lines seem to be made up of straight lines of cupules that are very close together."
Although there are numerous photographs online of Monolith #1 which we have examined and studied, for our decipherment below we relied primarily on the most prominent (but not all) markings as found in Schneider's drawing at Figure A22, p. 119, in the source cited above.

That way, the image illustration of the cupules on the stone is relatively neutral as to placement and it can not be claimed that we placed cupules on the rock in a certain way or at certain locations  to reach a predefined or expected result.

The cupules (cupmarks) clearly show the following stars, and we date the entire system to ca. 3000 B.C., conforming with our other decipherments of the Herschel Petroglyphs and with mainstream archaeological dating of the site.

Note also that the positions of the Autumn Equinox, Vernal Equinox and Winter Solstice are clear, and that the Summer Solstice is marked on Monolith #1 to the back left side of the rock, showing Leo as a horse head at the front and as a buffalo head at the back. This was marvelously supportive of the accuracy of our decipherment of the front side of Monolith #1 of the Herschel Petroglyphs.

The Summer Solstice on the side of Monolith #1 is marked by a line so accurately in the stars, that the date of 3000 B.C., about which we were not always so sure of initially for Monoliths #2 and #3, was validated clearly.

The Stars of Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #1: Front View

The Stars of Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #1: Left Back Side View

As deciphered above, Monolith #1 is a planisphere (sky map) of the heavens, marking the line of the equinoxes via the vertical line, whereas the horizontal lines mark "levels" in the sky similar to the maximally seven-level depiction of the heavens in the ancient Mesopotamian ziggurat, which levels, metaphorically seen, were constructed to be "a stairway to heaven".

If the heavens are divided into ca. seven levels and correspondingly used for hermetic land survey via the horizontal levels of those stars, then we would expect to find such survey "levels" in the ancient Native landscape of North America, marked by mounds, petroglyphs, rock art and cave paintings, and that is indeed what we have found. There are clear "levels" of demarcation.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 23 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #1 Is a Sky Map of the Heavens ca. 3000 B.C. and a Design Plan for the Survey of Ancient Native North America

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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