Sunday, March 01, 2015

Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #3 Marks Stars at the Head of Scorpio

The petroglyphs on Monolith #3 at the Herschel Petroglyphs clearly mark stars at the front of the head of Scorpio.

It is currently unclear if this stone marks a particular date. We could abide by a general date of ca. 3000 B.C., as for the other stones, without difficulty.

On the other hand, if one assigns a date significance to the cupmarks (cupules), and such a conclusion is not necessarily mandated, then the cupules found on that stone could be interpreted to marks stars at the head of Scorpio at the Autumn Equinox ca. 2500 B.C.

Important to note is that we can not "read" the stone further toward the back in the photograph available to us online. If there were cupules towards the back, they could just mark that Autumn Equinox further back on that stone, putting it at 3000 B.C. just as on the other stones, so we can not be sure. Accordingly, the dating aspect of this stone is not a critical thing here, since uncertain.

Nevertheless, one must also note that some of the dimmer stars marked on that monolith (large rock, boulder) are normally of no great consequence, but in ca. 2500 B.C. are important, since they mark the crossing point of the ecliptic, the ecliptic meridian, the celestial equator and the celestial meridian at the Autumn Equinox point in the stars.

This is shown in the image below in a decipherment by Andis Kaulins:

This result must in any case be regarded as provisional since the cupmark (cupule) placements need to be confirmed by outside sources, here being based solely on our interpretation of cupmarks viz. cupules that we claim to see on Monolith #3 and which we have marked relying on a photograph by Erinn Dayle Schneider. We are aware of no other such photos and have found no online published results elsewhere of the cupmark placements on this monolith.

That sole photograph is found as Figure A29 of Monolith #3 at the Herschel Petrolgyphs, as published in Schneider's Masters Thesis, Rock art in southern Saskatchewan, Department of Archaeology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, 2003 -- online at eCommons Electronic Theses and Dissertations: and

In any case, should our analysis of the three monoliths be correct, this would mean that the petroglyphs on each of the three large monoliths may mark the Autumn Equinox in a slightly different era in the 3rd millennium B.C, i.e. Monolith #1 ca. 3000 B.C or perhaps a bit earlier, Monolith #2 perhaps a few years later in ca. 2965 B.C. and Monolith #3 then cupmarked in ca. 2500 B.C.

Such a dating conforms generally to mainstream archaeological dating of southern Saskatchewan petroglyph sites into the Archaic Period ca. 5000 years ago or earlier.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 25 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Herschel Petroglyphs Monolith #3 Marks Stars at the Head of Scorpio

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
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    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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