Tuesday, March 03, 2015

North Dakota Mounds at Valley City State University Medicine Wheel Park Mark Stars of Serpens Caput and Ophiuchus and the Autumn Equinox in ca. 3000 B.C.

Having now previously determined that the Herschel Petroglyphs marked the head stars of Scorpio in ca. 3000 B.C., we can expect in our ancient Native North America land survey that the neighboring stars of Serpens Caput and Ophiuchus must therefore be marked somewhere to the south.

One of the truly great mysteries of our and preceding academic eras are the ancient Native North America mounds at the Medicine Wheel Park at Valley City State University in North Dakota, USA.

The great mystery is how these mounds have so long escaped identification as the obvious stars that they mark.

Most of the stars depicted, especially those of Serpens Caput, are so clear to someone with a basic knowledge of stars of the sky, that they should optimally have been recognized long ago for the similarity of mound placements to stars.


Below, we compare the mound locations as surveyed by T. H. Lewis on October 29, 1883 with stars of Serpens Caput and Ophiuchus, from which it is clear that the mounds mark the Autumn Equinox in ca. 3000 B.C., and also mark the positions of the Celestial Meridian and Celestial Equator, as well as the line of stars of Serpens Cauda.

Our own map mound drawing below is based on that survey map, as found at the Medicine Wheel Park site at http://medicinewheel.vcsu.edu/.

  • The Head triangle of stars of Serpens Caput marks the Celestial Meridian, i.e. the line (Equinox colure) from the Autumn Equinox Point in Scorpio to the North Celestial Pole.
  • The stars of Serpens Caput are so clearly marked that any further commentary would be superfluous.
  • One line of stars leads from the bottom of the line of stars at Serpens Caput to the Autumn Equinox point near the head of Scorpio in ca. 3000 B.C.
  • A second line of stars leads from the bottom of the line of stars at Serpens Caput to the line of the Celestial Equator ca. 3000 B.C. near the star Eta Ophiuchi (Sabik)
  • The Celestial Equator is marked as a straight line from Sabik and the "windshield wiper"-shaped figure marks the line of stars at Serpens Cauda
In spite of our incredulity that this correspondence of mounds and stars has not been observed previously, it is to the credit of those involved, however, including Professor Joe Stickler and his students, for having recognized the importance of the North Dakota mounds as such, and for having turned the entire mound site into a positively oriented astronomical Medicine Wheel Park, thus preserving what was to be preserved of the mounds.

The artificial Medicine Wheel is nice....

but the mounds are the real thing.

A REAL ATTRACTION! An amazing one, from 5000 years ago!

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 31 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

North Dakota Mounds at Valley City State University Medicine Wheel Park Mark Stars of Serpens Caput and Ophiuchus and the Autumn Equinox in ca. 3000 B.C.

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Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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