Sunday, March 08, 2015

Toltec Mounds in the Archaeological State Park Arkansas Mark Stars of Auriga as a Boat, the Milky Way, and Galactic Equator and Meridian

The Toltec Mounds of Arkansas, USA, also known as the Knapp Mounds, are located at the Toltec Mounds Archaeological State Park just south of Little Rock, Arkansas, and pursuant to our decipherment, mark stars of Auriga and more.

The Toltec Mounds Archaeological State Park website at
has official maps online of the mound locations, and our illustrated map in the decipherment above is based on those maps, but in no way affiliated with Arkansas State Parks, relying on the mound locations given (please go to the park site for official maps!) and locating corresponding stars via Starry Night Pro software,

We always draw our own maps and illustrations to avoid copyright issues and because in the course of drawing them, we often make new observations.

Please note that greyed out areas in the image above mark former earthworks while the blacked areas show mounds and embankments still existing either fully or in part. Stars corresponding to mounds are marked by us in red in the star positions via Starry Night Pro, which also "colors" the Milky Way so its outlines can be seen. Here one sees that the ancients used "Indian Trails" to mark the bright sections of the Milky Way. Indeed, the Milky Way markings turned out to be the only way to be assured that the upper stars we have designated (some now counted to Perseus) are properly assigned to the upper mounds, rather than stars directly further above Menkalinen. The Perseus stars are in the Milky Way, and the others not, and an Indian Trail marks that edge.

As one can see from our decipherment image, the Toltec Mounds of Arkansas mark mostly the stars of Auriga, plus a few stars up at the top which we today assign to Perseus.

Bright stars are generally marked individually by larger mounds than stars of a less bright star magnitude (magnitudes are given a lower number the brighter the star) and in some cases groups of still weaker shining stars are grouped together in one symbol, as we know from previous postings, these often marked then by a particular shape, i.e. a square for a group of four or a rectangle for a line-up of 2 or more stars or even an unusual shape, as e.g. mound C, which marks a front row of stars and than curves toward the back for the one star.

The Indian trails mark the Milky Way, while the entire group of stars marked by the mounds and embankments is in the shape of an ancient boat, not that different from a canoe, with a front, deeper keel viz. rudder or oar arguably found at Mounds I, N and H and the arguably back rudder at Mound E marking the intersection of the Galactic Equator and Galactic Meridian. This must have been seen as the "ultimate" heavenly boat at that "galactic steering location".

Toltec Mounds in the Archaeological State Park Arkansas Mark Stars of Auriga as a Boat, the Milky Way, and Galactic Equator and Meridian

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 34 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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