Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Stonehenge I

Stonehenge Megaliths 1

Millions of people have seen Stonehenge, either in person or on
television and many millions more have taken photographs. Indeed,
many tavelers have photos of Stonehenge at home from
an English vacation. You are in for a surprise - look at them again.

Although we all have seen the "stones" pictured sometime and
somewhere, we have not really looked closely at the
exact "megaliths". Rather, we just see the "stone circle", much like a
popular book about megaliths by the same title, which does not get
beyond the stone circles.

The fact is that the Megaliths of Stonehenge
- as all megaliths - are also carved into various forms and, more
importantly, contain cup marks and holes representing specific stars
in the heavens, many of which (but certainly not all) can still be
CLEARLY identified today.

The following files can be found in the folder on Ancient Britainat at the LexiLine files online at:


Two files are OVERVIEW files of the Stonehenge ground plan,
as shown in my interpretation. These are:


Some of the larger figures (such as the serpent and the outlying
Scorpio and Sagittarius) that I have been able to identify on that
plan from various photographs are still very speculative, barring
substantiation by others, but I include them in case others see something similar.

The larger overview of the Stonehenge Barrows is found at



After the ground plan, we start with the sarsens (outer ring of (30)
large megaliths - sarsens also spelled sarcens), trilithons (inner ring of
(10) large megaliths) and lentils (top flat stones connecting two
sarsens or trilithons) and show how these mark certain stars in the
heavens. Obviously, and as we shall see, cupmarks on the top lentils
mark stars closer to the pole star.

Sarsen IMO (in my opinion) being a word taken from Indo-European
e.g. Latvian ZAR "branch, division" and SIENa "wall",
i.e. "demarcation".

The inner horseshoe-shape of 10 TRILITHONS ("three
stones, i.e. 2 trilithons plus lentil") in 5 pairs marks the Zodiac
with Hydra/Leo and Cancer not represented by a pair of trilithons,
so that the horseshoe of 10 stones reaches out toward the "ends" of
the Milky Way.

This is that section of the Milky Way with a break in it, which is
marked by the sky section from Cancer and the head of Hydra to the
tail of Hydra.


The markings on the Stonehenge Megaliths date the largest stone
circles of Stonehenge to 1749 BC, resolving the issue of the dating
of the megaliths of Stonehenge. The date 1749 BC is two periods of
684 years after 3117 BC, which as I have long claimed, was the start
of the "modern civilized calendar".

Recall, 684 years was a Kingdom, calculated mathematically by taking
the length of a Saros Cycle of 18 years multiplied by the length of
a Metonic Cycle of 19 years multiplied by 2, giving a very good long-
term eclipse cycle.

As for the dating, this confirms the mainstreamers, as Gerald S.
Hawkins writes in Stonehenge Decoded, Doubleday, 1965:

"both Avebury phases were probably contemporary with the Stonehenge building. Broken bits of pottery found in excavations at the site and two
Beaker graves found at the bases of stones of the Avebury-Sanctuary
avenue indicate that this tremendous structure was erected about
1750 B.C."

My interpretations of Stonehenge by astronomy date the large
megaliths at Stonehenge to 1749 BC.


uploaded as

We can easily determine this date from the stars marked on the Heel
Stone, which marks the Summer Solstice in 1749 BC.

The Left Side of the Heel Stone marks Gemini and Orion.
The Right Side of the Heel Stone marks Ursa Major, Leo, Cancer and

In other words, the Summer Solstice is in-between the two sides and
the Heel Stone "tilts" because Gemini tilts over the Summer Solstice
point in the heavens at 1749 BC, but not quite to it, accounting for the
markings on the ground to its left at Stonehenge. The scholars are
in error in thinking the Heel Stone originally stood upright. The
tilt was intended.

The Slaughter Stone, of which, however, I have no really good photo,
so this identification is provisional, seems to show Ursa Minor (the
heavenly axe) - but it could be Ursa Major. When I get a good photo,
this issue will be resolved.

uploaded as

The megaliths of Stonehenge are numbered by convention and you see
this numbering at


Two of the stones and especially the lentil were easy to identify.
These are:

Trilithon 57 marks Cassiopeia and Andromeda.
Trilithon 58 marks Triangulum and Aries.
The Lentil above them and joining them marks Ursa Minor and Cepheus.
That very well marks that portion of the heavens.

This is shown at the uploaded file:


More about Stonehenge in the next posting.

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

    Our Websites and Blogs

    3D Printing and More 99 is not 100 Aabecis AK Photo Blog Ancient Egypt Weblog Ancient Signs (the book) Ancient World Blog AndisKaulins.com Anthropomorphic Design Archaeology Travel Photos (blog) Archaeology Travel Photos (Flickr) Archaeo Pundit Arts Pundit Astrology and Birth Baltic Coachman Bible Pundit Biotechnology Pundit Book Pundit Chronology of the Ancient World Computer Pundit Drone Universe Blog DVD Pundit Easter Island Script Echolat edu.edu Einstein’s Voice Energy Environment and Climate Blog Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza EU Laws EU Legal EU Pundit Events & Realities FaceBook Pundit Gadget Pundit Garden Pundit Golf Pundit Google Pundit Gourmet Pundit Hand Proof HousePundit Human Migrations Idea Pundit Illyrian Language Indus Valley Script Infinity One : The Secret of the First Disk (the game) Jostandis Journal Pundit Kaulins Genealogy Blog Kaulinsium Kiel & Kieler Latvian Blog LawPundit.com Law Pundit Blog LexiLine.com LexiLine Forum at ProBoards LexiLine Group at Yahoo! Lexiline Journal Library Pundit Lingwhizt LinkedIn Literary Pundit Magnifichess Make it Music Maps and Cartography Megalithic World Megaliths Blog Megaliths.net Minoan Culture Mutatis Mutandis Nanotech Pundit Nostratic Languages Official Pundit Phaistos Disc Pharaonic Hieroglyphs Photo Blog of the World Pinterest Prehistoric Art Pundit Private Wealth Blog PunditMania Quanticalian Quick to Travel Quill Pundit Road Pundit Shelfari Sky Earth Drones Sky Earth Native America SlideShare (akaulins) Sport Pundit Star Pundit Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) Stars Stones and Scholars (book) Stonehenge Pundit The Enchanted Glass Twitter Pundit UbiquitousPundit Vision of Change VoicePundit WatchPundit Wearable Technology Wizard WeTechWi Wine Pundit Word Pundit xistmz YahooPundit zistmz