Sunday, March 08, 2015

Rock Art Sites in Southwestern Arizona Mark Stars of Leo and the Summer Solstice ca. 3000 BC at Quitobaquito

Based on our previous postings by which we have deciphered rock art and petroglyphs of sites that mark Taurus, Orion and Gemini, the rock art sites of southwestern Arizona to the north and west of those deciphered locations must logically mark stars int that portion of the heavens to which we modernly assign the stars of Cancer and/or Leo, and that is the case.

We are not in any way affiliated with the Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project, Arizona, USA, but are very thankful for a large map they have produced of the location of extensive rock art sites in southwestern Arizona.

See Evelyn Billo, Robert Mark, Ph.D. and Donald E. Weaver, Jr. Ph.D., Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project, Arizona, USA, IFRAO 2013 Proceedings, American Indian Rock Art, Volume 40, American Rock Art Research Association, 2013, pp 1283-1302, Mavis Greer Session Editor, Peggy Whitehead Volume Editor, found online at www.rupestrian.com/Sears_Point_IFRAO2013.pdf.

Those authors write as follows concerning the fact that the massive amount of rock art found on the Gila River in SW Arizona is not placed randomly:
"As the mapping of petroglyph panels progressed, it became obvious that the cliffs and talus slopes facing the Gila River floodplain were selected preferentially over interior locations. It was also evident that petroglyphs were not evenly or randomly distributed along the cliffs and talus slopes, as there were regions devoid of glyphs."
Indeed, that is quite correct. There is a system at the root of rock art locational placement and that system is the astronomical one of land survey that we have been posting about now for several months.

Based on that map of site locations, here shown in our own simplified illustration -- together with corresponding star positions via Starry Night Pro -- there is little doubt that the rock art site locations of the Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project, taken as a whole, mark stars in a star group we today call Leo, indeed, in an original design that must date to ca. 3000 B.C.

This does not have to mean that the rock art itself dates that far back, as newer rock art could be found painted on much older sites. Indeed, researchers often make the mistake of seeing only the painted rock art and not the carved rock figures, usually larger and more basic, from earlier eras beneath them. This also applies to individual megaliths, carved long before they were painted.

In showing site location and star correspondence, we set the star magnitude limit at 7.0, surely seen easily in the desert in prehistoric days.
 
The ca. 3000 B.C. date is fixed by the position of the rock sites found below the main string of recognizable stars of Leo. These lower stars are otherwise insignificant, but in ca. 3000 B.C. they marked the Summer Solstice point.

The Summer Solstice Point marked by the locations of the Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project is IDENTICAL to the Summer Solstice point marked in Leo on Monolith #1 at the Herschel Petroglyphs, which we have already deciphered in a previous posting, and that most readers have not recognized yet to be one of the most important of all of our postings.

That correspondence in Arizona shows clearly the relationship of the 5000-year old Herschel Petroglyphs site in today's Saskatchewan to the oldest of the sites in the Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project. All stem from the same general "Archaic" era and from the same land survey by astronomy.

The Summer Solstice Point  as marked by the southwestern Arizona site locations is found marked specifically at a place called Quitobaquito at the meeting of the ecliptic meridian and celestial equator in 3000 B.C.

Many readers will know from the city of Quito in Ecuador, which marks the Earth's Equator, that the word "quito" is thought to take its origin from root words meaning "center viz. navel of the world". This would also fit the combination quito-ba-quito as the Sun at its center at the Summer Solstice at the "celestial equator" above the normal equator.

Quitobaquito Springs are an amazing oasis in a dry part of the Sonoran Desert which is located in the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument of Arizona http://www.nps.gov/orpi/index.htm.

There are in fact petroglyphs in the Organ Pipe Cactus Monument that clearly mark the sun at a specific place within the stars as cupules. The stones are broken so we do not go into an interpretation here. But take a look. See http://www.nps.gov/orpi/images/20080717193449.JPG at http://organpipehistory.com/history-and-people/prehistory/.

Here are the decipherment images.


THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 33 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Rock Art Sites in Southwestern Arizona Mark Stars of Leo and the Summer Solstice ca. 3000 BC at Quitobaquito in the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument: We Rely on a Map of the Sears Point Rock Art Recording Project

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Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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