Sunday, March 08, 2015

Spiro Mounds Oklahoma Mark Stars Between Gemini Auriga and Lynx and Mark the Galactic Meridian

There may be some who think that marking the Galactic Meridian and Galactic Equator at the Toltec Mounds in Arkansas, as we deciphered them in our next to previous posting, is unlikely.

How wrong they are proven by the neighboring Spiro Mounds of Oklahoma, which we decipher to mark the Galactic Meridian at the confluence of minor stars we modernly assign to Gemini, Auriga and Lynx. Indeed, there is no other reason to mark these rather insignificant stars by mounds.

Our own map drawing of mound positions relies on "Map 3" at at, which states at that website that "[t]he information is taken from our book, The Spiro Mound: A Photo Essay". Map 3 is "after" Brown (1996) and Newkumet (1940). Those sources and the Spiro Mounds Oklahoma Historical Society should be consulted for official maps. 

We show various star magnitude limits in the above decipherment image because it is not always easy to tell exactly which bright stars the ancients picked out for their megalithic, mound, petroglyph or rock art stellar (star) markings, though of course the brightest star predominate, but for special measurements, lesser stars need to be used.

In the above decipherment image, we first show the stars by a star magnitude limit of 5.25 (only one extraneous star appears then in the right "group of 4", and is not shown any more by a setting of 5.03), while two missing "mounded" stars in the line of the stars at the left appear by a maximum limit of 6.03. Consider that the default star magnitude limit setting at Starry Night Pro is 6.0. Even if the star magnitude limit is increased, no new stars appear in that line.

The so-called "Copple Mound" at the Spiro Mounds marks no particular star because there are none at that location, but marks the Galactic Meridian. That is the chief function of the Spiro Mounds, since there is no other reason to have "mounded" these particular normally insignificant stars. The "star declination" of the Copple Mound position would appear to be near 30° and surely so intended.

THIS POSTING IS Posting Number 35 of
The Great Mound, Petroglyph and Painted Rock Art Journey of Native America

Spiro Mounds Oklahoma Mark Stars Between Gemini Auriga and Lynx and Mark the Galactic Meridian

Most Popular Posts of All Time

Sky Earth Native America

Sky Earth Native America 1:
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2:
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.


    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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